AskBiography Logo   Latest News  Follow Us on Twitter  Follow Us on Google Buzz  Became Fan - Facebook  Subscribe to RSSRSS   Bookmark and Share

Margaret Thatcher

Personal data
Date of birth13 October 1925(age 85)
Place of birthGrantham, Lincolnshire, United Kingdom
Birth nameMargaret Hilda Roberts
Political partyConservative Party
SpouseDenis Thatcher
(m. 1951 � 2003, his death)
RelationsAlfred Roberts (father)
ChildrenCarol Thatcher
Mark Thatcher
Alma materSomerville College, Oxford
ReligionChurch of England
(Since 1951)
Methodism (Before 1951)
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
In office4 May 1979 - 28 November 1990
MonarchElizabeth II
DeputyWilliam Whitelaw
Geoffrey Howe
Succeeded byJohn Major
Preceded byJames Callaghan
Leader of the Opposition
In office11 February 1975 - 4 May 1979
MonarchElizabeth II
Prime ministerHarold Wilson
James Callaghan
Succeeded byJames Callaghan
Preceded byEdward Heath
Leader of the Conservative Party
In office11 February 1975 - 28 November 1990
Succeeded byJohn Major
Preceded byEdward Heath
Secretary of State for Education and Science
In office20 June 1970 - 4 March 1974
Prime ministerEdward Heath
Succeeded byReginald Prentice
Preceded byEdward Short
Member of Parliament
for Finchley
In office8 October 1959 - 9 April 1992
Succeeded byHartley Booth
Preceded byJohn Crowder

     Home | Office Holder | Margaret Thatcher

Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, (née Roberts; born 13 October 1925) is a former Conservative Prime Minister of the United Kingdom who served from 1979 to 1990.

Born in Grantham, Lincolnshire, Thatcher studied chemistry at Somerville College, Oxford before qualifying as a barrister. In the 1959 general election she became MP for Finchley. Edward Heath appointed Thatcher Secretary of State for Education and Science in his 1970 government. In 1975 she was elected Leader of the Conservative Party, the first woman to head a major UK political party, and in 1979 she became the UK's first female Prime Minister.

After entering 10 Downing Street Thatcher was determined to reverse what she perceived as a precipitous national decline. Her political philosophy and economic policies emphasised deregulation, particularly of the financial sector, flexible labour markets, the sale or closure of state-owned companies, and the withdrawal of subsidies to others. Thatcher's popularity waned amid recession and high unemployment, until economic recovery and the 1982 Falklands War brought a resurgence of support resulting in her re-election in 1983.

Thatcher survived an assassination attempt in 1984, and her hard line against trade unions and tough rhetoric in opposition to the Soviet Union earned her the nickname of the "Iron Lady". Thatcher was re-elected for a third term in 1987, but her Community Charge was widely unpopular and her views on the European Community were not shared by others in her Cabinet. She resigned as Prime Minister and party leader in November 1990 after Michael Heseltine's challenge to her leadership of the Conservative Party.

Thatcher holds a life peerage as Baroness Thatcher, of Kesteven in the County of Lincolnshire, which entitles her to sit in the House of Lords.

Margaret Thatcher Video

These brief exchanges took place during Margaret Thatcher's last speech in the House of Commons on 22 November 1990. Read the complete transcript for this speech here:
2.57 min. | 4.31 user rating
Margaret Thatcher defends the sinking of the Belgrano during the Falklands War interviewed by David Frost on TVAM. There was controversy because it was revealed the belgrano was apparently sailing away from the UK imposed 'exclusion zone' around the Falkland Islands when sunk
0.73 min. | 4.18 user rating
Margaret Thatcher responds to a millitant heckler during her famous 'The Lady's not for Turning' speech at the 1980 Conservative Party Conference, during which a anti-government activist bypassed security to interrupt the Prime Minister.
0.53 min. | 4.02 user rating
Beleagured Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher makes pun during the 1981 Conservative Party conference speech: "the lady's not for turning" she says to her critics in her Cabinet and in the country, Brighton; 10 Oct 80
0.50 min. | 4.57 user rating
She was asked if Thatcherism had left the nation devided. She responded with a partly political broadcast. The posting of this video does not imply support for Mrs Thatcher.
3.13 min. | 5.0 user rating
Congregation begins to arrive at Westminster Abbey as the procession continues. Among those seen arriving is former Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and Diana's Step-Mother, Raine Spencer. Diana reportedly didn't get on with Raine as she was growing up but they became friends after her father's death in 1992. Diana's Brother, Charles Spencer, is seen being driven down the Mall.
10.00 min. | 4.78 user rating
Margaret Thatcher's last House of Commons Speech on November 22, 1990. You can read the transcript here:
4.43 min. | 4.68 user rating
Margaret Thatcher does a spot of spring cleaning and sweeps away socialism in this early rallying speech from the Conservative Party Conference of 1975. Four years later, Thatcher would become Prime Minister and this speech bodly outlines the kind of values upheld by her government and exemplifies her commitment to the free market, a property-owning democracy and the rights of the individual.
1.15 min. | 4.52 user rating
The Man of Honor on the way to Niagra Falls for his bachelor party gets to know Tanya. We lovingly referred to her as Margaret Thatcher.
0.40 min. | 1.88 user rating
Testimonio de Margaret Thatcher. Uno de mis preferidos.
3.37 min. | 4.72 user rating

Latest News : Margaret Thatcher : Tweet this RSS

Want to Margaret Thatcher latest news on your twitter account???   sign in with twitter
Margaret Thatcher     sign in with twitter   ||  Office_Holder     sign in with twitter   ||  Politics     sign in with twitter
Alternative Vote system: Guess who would have run Britain - Daily Mail Tweet this news
Daily Mail--Try to imagine a Britain in which -Margaret Thatcher- had never been Prime Minister. Where the Welsh windbag Neil Kinnock had bluffed his way into No 10 thanks to a shabby deal done with Paddy Ashdown after the 1992 general election. ... - Date : Fri, 08 Apr 2011 20:05:24 GMT+00:00
Embattled Religious Freedom Envoy the New 'Iron Lady' - (blog) Tweet this news (blog)--WASHINGTON (RNS) The Obama administration's embattled nominee for religious freedom ambassador is comparing herself to former British Prime Minister -Margaret Thatcher- as she tries for a second time to land the post. “They ca - Date : Wed, 06 Apr 2011 20:22:34 GMT+00:00
March against ConDem cuts to stop David Cameron becoming Margaret Thatcher Mk II - Tweet this news we do nothing the Prime Minister will rule as -Margaret Thatcher- Mk II. So let us speak with one voice and tell the Conservatives and their Liberal Democrat allies that they are badly wrong. There is an alternative, Mr Cameron. You' - Date : Sat, 26 Mar 2011 04:19:53 GMT+00:00
Thatcher's moving tribute to Ian Gow - ePolitix Tweet this news
ePolitix--A close friend of -Margaret Thatcher-, in October that year the then-prime minister wrote this article about Gow for The House Magazine. Ian Gow was murdered by the Provisional IRA on Monday 30 July. His death has been mourned by all sides of th - Date : Fri, 25 Mar 2011 12:58:29 GMT+00:00
Scotland's recovery - BBC News Tweet this news
BBC News--Barry Potter worked for three UK prime ministers, including -Margaret Thatcher-, and has spent the past 20 years at the IMF in Washington, where has just retired as a director. His comments on Scotland's financial sector came in a documenta - Date : Fri, 25 Mar 2011 01:47:03 GMT+00:00
No Labels not to be taken seriously - Marietta Times Tweet this news
Marietta Times--Former British Prime Minister, -Margaret Thatcher-, once stated that "consensus is the absence of leadership." We hear now, from those who would have politics without disagreement, a rallying cry to the vital American &am - Date : Sat, 26 Mar 2011 06:51:54 GMT+00:00
Despite what today's marchers will claim, Trafalgar is no Tahrir - Tweet this news the early years of -Margaret Thatcher's- government, there were numerous marches against the "cuts" (I use inverted commas, because spending actually rose in every year of her administration). I remember a TUC Da - Date : Fri, 25 Mar 2011 19:52:06 GMT+00:00
Film-makers and creatives will help rebalance UK economy, says CBI - The Guardian Tweet this news
The Guardian--Above, Meryl Streep plays -Margaret Thatcher- in the forthcoming film Iron Lady, made at Pinewood Studios. Photograph: Alex Bailey/PA The CBI bosses' group has thrown its weight behind the British film industry, saying it was a business - Date : Fri, 25 Mar 2011 19:44:36 GMT+00:00
Gray pledges to improve bus routes - The Press Association Tweet this news
The Press Association--The party criticised the deregulation policy of -Margaret Thatcher's- Conservative government and asked Holyrood to back its position. As MSPs debated the issue, Scottish Labour leader Iain Gray visited a bus manufacturer in Fa - Date : Thu, 17 Mar 2011 11:25:00 GMT+00:00
Ronald Reagan: The Father of CSR - Forbes (blog) Tweet this news
Forbes (blog)--As bizarre as it may seem, Ronald Reagan and -Margaret Thatcher- conceived a love child. Today the demanding adolescent goes by a number of aliases, but most business people call it Corporate Social Responsibility. Before you start protesti - Date : Wed, 09 Mar 2011 21:52:48 GMT+00:00

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
John Crowder
Member of Parliament for Finchley
1959 - 1992
Succeeded by
Hartley Booth
Political offices
Preceded by
Patricia Hornsby-Smith
Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Pensions
1961 - 1964
Served alongside: Richard Sharples (1961 - 1962)
Lynch Maydon (1962 - 1964)
Succeeded by
Harold Davies
Succeeded by
Norman Pentland
Preceded by
Edward Short
Secretary of State for Education and Science
1970 - 1974
Succeeded by
Reginald Prentice
Preceded by
Edward Heath
Leader of the Opposition
1975 - 1979
Succeeded by
James Callaghan
Preceded by
James Callaghan
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
1979 - 1990
Succeeded by
John Major
First Lord of the Treasury
1979 - 1990
Minister for the Civil Service
1979 - 1990
Party political offices
Preceded by
Edward Heath
Leader of the Conservative Party
1975 - 1990
Succeeded by
John Major
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Ronald Reagan
Chair of the G8
Succeeded by
Helmut Kohl
Preceded by
Bob Hope
Recipient of the Ronald Reagan Freedom Award
Succeeded by
Billy Graham
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Edward Heath
Oldest living British Prime Minister
2005 - present
Order of precedence in England and Wales
Preceded by
Baroness Chalker of Wallasey
as a Baroness
as a Baroness
Succeeded by
Baroness Jay of Paddington
as a Baroness
Order of precedence in Scotland
Preceded by
Baroness Chalker of Wallasey
as a Baroness
as a Baroness
Succeeded by
Baroness Jay of Paddington
as a Baroness
Preceded by
Baroness Chalker of Wallasey
as a Baroness
as a Baroness

Economy and taxation :
GDP and public spending
by functional classification
% change in real terms
1979/80 to 1989/90
scope="row"GDP +23.3
scope="row"Total government spending +12.9
scope="row"Law and order +53.3
scope="row"Employment and training +33.3
scope="row"Health +31.8
scope="row"Social security +31.8
scope="row"Transport −5.8
scope="row"Trade and industry −38.2
scope="row"Housing −67.0
scope="row"Defence −3.3

Margaret Thatcher

Prime MinisterPremiership of Margaret Thatcher * Thatcher Ministry * Thatcherism * Cold War * 1981 Irish hunger strike * The lady's not for turning * Falklands War * Brighton hotel bombing * Opposition to trade unions * Miners' strike * Local Government Act * Westland affair * Sermon on the Mound * Community Charge * Gulf War * Resignation Honours
Party elections1975 * 1989 * 1990
General elections1979 * 1983 * 1987
FamilySir Denis Thatcher, 1st Bt (husband) * The Hon. Sir Mark Thatcher, 2nd Bt (son) * The Hon. Carol Thatcher (daughter)
Cultural depictionsThatcher: The Final Days * The Falklands Play * The Long Walk to Finchley * Margaret

Conservative Party

HistoryHistory of the Conservative Party * History of conservatism in Great Britain * Tory Party
House of Lords
(1828 �1922)
The Duke of Wellington * The Earl of Derby * The Earl of Malmesbury * The Lord Cairns * The Duke of Richmond, Lennox & Gordon * The Earl of Beaconsfield * The Marquess of Salisbury * The Duke of Devonshire * The Marquess of Lansdowne * The Marquess Curzon of Kedleston
Leadership elections
Leadership elections1965 (Heath) * 1975 (Thatcher) * 1989 * 1990 (Major) * 1995 * 1997 (Hague) * 2001 (Duncan Smith) * 2003 (Howard) * 2005 (Cameron)
Related organisations1922 Committee * Association of Conservative Clubs * Atlantic Bridge * Bow Group * Bruges Group * Carlton Club * C-Change * Centre for Policy Studies * Centre for Social Justice * Conservative Animal Welfare Group * Conservative Campaign Headquarters * Conservative Christian Fellowship * Conservative Business Relations * Conservative Countryside Forum * Conservative Disability Group * Conservative Europe Group * Conservative Friends of Gibraltar * Conservative Friends of Israel * Conservative Friends of Turkey * Conservative Future * Conservative History Group * Conservative Humanist Association * Conservative Mainstream * Conservative Medical Society * Conservative Muslim Forum * Conservative National Education Society * Conservative National Property Advisory Committee * Conservative Party Archive Trust * Conservative Research Department * Conservative Rural Action Group * Conservative Technology Forum * Conservative Trade Unionists * Conservative Transport Group * Conservative Way Forward * Conservative Women National Committee * Conservatives 4 Cities * Conservatives at Work * Conservatives for International Travel * Cornerstone Group * Countryside Alliance * European Democrats * European Foundation * Fresh Start * International Democrat Union * LGBTory * Margaret Thatcher Foundation * Monday Club * 92 Group * No Campaign * No Turning Back * Policy Exchange * Society of Conservative Lawyers * Tory Green Initiative * Tory Reform Group * Ulster Unionist Party * Renewing One Nation * Young Britons' Foundation

Thatcher I Cabinet (1979 � 1981)

Thatcher * Whitelaw * Howe * Biffen * Soames * Hailsham * Gilmour * Carrington * Walker * St John-Stevas * Pym * Carlisle * Prior * Howell * Heseltine * Jenkin * Joseph * Atkins * Maude * Younger * Nott * Edwards * Jopling * Havers

Cold War

1940sYalta Conference * Operation Unthinkable * Potsdam Conference * Gouzenko Affair * War in Vietnam (1945 �1946) * Iran crisis of 1946 * Greek Civil War * Restatement of Policy on Germany * First Indochina War * Truman Doctrine * Asian Relations Conference * Marshall Plan * Czechoslovak coup d'état of 1948 * Tito �Stalin split * Berlin Blockade * Western betrayal * Iron Curtain * Eastern Bloc * Chinese Civil War (Second round)
1950sKorean War * 1953 Iranian coup d'état * Uprising of 1953 in East Germany * 1954 Guatemalan coup d'état * Partition of Vietnam * First Taiwan Strait Crisis * Geneva Summit (1955) * Poznań 1956 protests * Hungarian Revolution of 1956 * Suez Crisis * Sputnik crisis * Second Taiwan Strait Crisis * Cuban Revolution * Kitchen Debate * Asian �African Conference * Bricker Amendment * McCarthyism * Operation Gladio * Hallstein Doctrine
1960sCongo Crisis * Sino-Soviet split * 1960 U-2 incident * Bay of Pigs Invasion * Cuban Missile Crisis * Berlin Wall * Vietnam War * 1964 Brazilian coup d'état * 1965 United States occupation of the Dominican Republic * South African Border War * Transition to the New Order * Domino theory * ASEAN Declaration * Laotian Civil War * Greek military junta of 1967 �1974 * Six Day War * Cultural Revolution * Sino-Indian War * Prague Spring * Goulash Communism * Sino-Soviet border conflict
1970sDétente * Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty * Black September in Jordan * Cambodian Civil War * Realpolitik * Ping Pong Diplomacy * Four Power Agreement on Berlin * 1972 Nixon visit to China * 1973 Chilean coup d'état * Yom Kippur War * Strategic Arms Limitation Talks * Angolan Civil War * Mozambican Civil War * Ogaden War * Cambodian �Vietnamese War * Sino-Vietnamese War * Iranian Revolution * Operation Condor * Bangladesh Liberation War * Korean Air Lines Flight 902
1980sSoviet war in Afghanistan * 1980 and 1984 Summer Olympics boycotts * Solidarity (Soviet reaction) * Contras * Central American crisis * RYAN * Korean Air Lines Flight 007 * Able Archer 83 * Strategic Defense Initiative * Invasion of Grenada * People Power Revolution * Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 * United States invasion of Panama * Fall of the Berlin Wall * Revolutions of 1989 * Glasnost * Perestroika
1990sDemocratic Revolution in Mongolia * Breakup of Yugoslavia * Dissolution of the USSR * Dissolution of Czechoslovakia
See alsoSoviet and Russian espionage in * Soviet Union � United States relations * NATO �Russia relations
OrganizationsASEAN * CIA * Comecon * EEC * KGB * MI6 * Stasi
RacesArms race * Nuclear arms race * Space Race
IdeologiesCapitalism * Communism (Castroism * Guevarism * Juche * Maoism * Stalinism * Titoism * Trotskyism) * Liberal democracy
PropagandaActive measures * Izvestia * Pravda * Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty * Red Scare * TASS * Voice of America * Voice of Russia
Foreign policyTruman Doctrine * Marshall Plan * Containment * Eisenhower Doctrine * Domino theory * Kennedy Doctrine * Peaceful coexistence * Ostpolitik * Johnson Doctrine * Brezhnev Doctrine * Nixon Doctrine * Ulbricht Doctrine * Carter Doctrine * Reagan Doctrine * Rollback

Notable figures of the Cold War

Soviet UnionJoseph Stalin * Nikita Khrushchev * Leonid Brezhnev * Yuri Andropov * Konstantin Chernenko * Mikhail Gorbachev * Boris Yeltsin * Andrei Gromyko * Anatoly Dobrynin * Alexei Kosygin
United StatesHarry S. Truman * George Marshall * Joseph McCarthy * Dwight D. Eisenhower * John F. Kennedy * Robert F. Kennedy * Lyndon B. Johnson * Richard Nixon * Henry Kissinger * Gerald Ford * Jimmy Carter * Ronald Reagan * George H. W. Bush
People's Republic of ChinaMao Zedong * Zhou Enlai * Hua Guofeng * Deng Xiaoping * Zhao Ziyang
West GermanyKonrad Adenauer * Walter Hallstein * Willy Brandt * Helmut Schmidt * Helmut Kohl
United KingdomWinston Churchill * Clement Attlee * Ernest Bevin * Anthony Eden * Harold Macmillan * Alec Douglas-Home * Harold Wilson * Edward Heath * James Callaghan * Margaret Thatcher
ItalyAlcide De Gasperi * Palmiro Togliatti * Giulio Andreotti * Aldo Moro * Enrico Berlinguer * Francesco Cossiga * Bettino Craxi
FranceCharles de Gaulle * Alain Poher * Georges Pompidou * Valéry Giscard d'Estaing * François Mitterrand
SpainFrancisco Franco * Luis Carrero Blanco * Juan Carlos I of Spain * Adolfo Suárez * Felipe González
People's Republic of PolandBolesław Bierut * Władysław Gomułka * Edward Gierek * Wojciech Jaruzelski * Pope John Paul II * Lech Wałęsa
CanadaWilliam Lyon Mackenzie King * Louis St. Laurent * John Diefenbaker * Lester Pearson * Pierre Trudeau * Joe Clark * John Turner * Brian Mulroney * Kim Campbell
Eastern EuropeEnver Hoxha (Albania) * Josip Broz Tito (Yugoslavia) * Imre Nagy (Hungary) * Nicolae Ceauşescu (Romania) * Alexander Dubček (Czechoslovakia) * Walter Ulbricht * Erich Honecker (East Germany)
Far EastChiang Kai-shek * Chiang Ching-kuo (Taiwan) * Syngman Rhee * Park Chung-hee (South Korea) * Kim Il-sung (North Korea) * Ho Chi Minh (North Vietnam) * Ngo Dinh Diem (South Vietnam) * Pol Pot (Cambodia) * U Nu * Ne Win (Burma) * Indira Gandhi * Jawaharlal Nehru (India) * Sukarno * Suharto * Mohammad Hatta * Adam Malik (Indonesia) * Corazon Aquino * Nur Misuari * Jose Maria Sison * Ferdinand Marcos * Imelda Marcos (Philippines)
Latin AmericaFidel Castro (Cuba) * Che Guevara (Argentina/Cuba) * Daniel Ortega (Nicaragua) * Salvador Allende * Augusto Pinochet (Chile) * Getúlio Vargas * Luís Carlos Prestes * João Goulart * Castelo Branco (Brazil)
Middle EastMohammad Reza Pahlavi * Ayatollah Khomeini (Iran) * Saddam Hussein (Iraq) * Gamal Abdel Nasser * Anwar El Sadat (Egypt) * Muammar al-Gaddafi (Libya) * Menachem Begin (Israel) * Mohammad Najibullah * Ahmad Shah Massoud (Afghanistan)
AfricaPatrice Lumumba * Mobutu Sese Seko (Congo/Zaire) * Kwame Nkrumah (Ghana) * Idi Amin (Uganda) * Agostinho Neto * José Eduardo dos Santos * Jonas Savimbi (Angola) * Mengistu Haile Mariam (Ethiopia)

Privacy | Sitemap | Micra Hosting | USA Yellow Pages