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General information
Common nameArgentina
Local name 
Motto  (Spanish)
"In Unity and Freedom"
Anthem  (Spanish)
"Argentine National Anthem"
CapitalBuenos Aires
Largest citycapital
Official languagesSpanish (de facto)
Ethnic groups86.4% European
8.5% Mestizo
3.3% Arab
1.6% Amerindian
0.4% Asian and others (2005)
DemonymArgentine, Argentinian, Argentinean
GovernmentFederal representative presidential republic
PresidentCristina Fernández de Kirchner
Vice President and President of the Senate
Julio Cobos
Supreme Court PresidentRicardo Lorenzetti
Upper HouseSenate
Lower HouseChamber of Deputies
IndependenceIndependence (from Spain)
May Revolution25 May 1810
Declared9 July 1816
Current constitution1 May 1853
Total Area1068302 sq mi (2766902.2 km2) (8th)
Water %1.1
Population census40117096 (32nd) (2010)
Density (pop.)14.5/km2 (207th) (37.53/sq mi)
GDP PPP$710.7 billion (2011) (22nd)
GDP (PPP) per capita$17,376 (51st)
GDP (nominal)$435.2 billion (2011) (27th)
GDP (nominal) per capita$10,639 (62nd)
Other information
Gini45.8 (2009) (high)
HDI(+) 0.775 (2010) (high) (46th)
CurrencyPeso ($) (ARS)
Time zoneART (UTC-3)
Date (CE)
Drives on theright (trains ride on the left)
Calling code+54

     Home | Country | Argentina

:For alternative meanings, see Argentina (disambiguation) and Argentine (disambiguation).Argentina c-enaudio=en-us-Argentina.oggˌɑrdʒənˈtiːnə, officially the Argentine Republic ( , -esreˈpuβlika arxenˈtinapron), is the second largest country in South America by land area, after Brazil. It is constituted as a federation of 23 provinces and an autonomous city, Buenos Aires. It is the eighth-largest country in the world by land area and the largest among Spanish-speaking nations.

Argentina's continental area is between the Andes mountain range in the west and the Atlantic Ocean in the east. It borders Paraguay and Bolivia to the north, Brazil and Uruguay to the northeast, and Chile to the west and south. Argentine claims over Antarctica, as well as overlapping claims made by Chile and the United Kingdom, are suspended by the Antarctic Treaty of 1961. Argentina also claims the Falkland Islands ( ) and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, which are administered by the United Kingdom as British Overseas Territories.

A recognised middle power, Argentina is Latin America's third-largest economy, with a high rating on the Human development index. Within Latin America, Argentina has the fifth highest nominal GDP per capita and the highest in purchasing power terms. Analysts have argued that the country has a "foundation for future growth due to its market size, levels of foreign direct investment, and percentage of high-tech exports as share of total manufactured goods", and it is classed by investors as an emerging economy. Argentina is a founding member of the United Nations, Mercosur, the Union of South American Nations, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the World Bank Group and the World Trade Organization, and is one of the G-15 and G-20 major economies.

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