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General information
Common nameCanada
Local nameCanada
Motto  (Latin)
"From Sea to Sea"
Anthem"O Canada"
Royal anthem"God Save the Queen"
Largest cityToronto
Official languagesEnglish and French
Regional languagesInuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, Cree, Dëne Sųłiné, Gwich’in, Inuvialuktun, Slavey and Tłįchǫ Yatiì
GovernmentFederal parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy
MonarchElizabeth II
Governor GeneralDavid Johnston
Prime MinisterStephen Harper
Upper HouseSenate
Lower HouseHouse of Commons
British North America ActsJuly 1, 1867
Statute of WestminsterDecember 11, 1931
Canada ActApril 17, 1982
Total Area3854085 sq mi (9982080.2 km2) (2nd)
Water %8.92 (891,163 km2/344,080 mi2)
Population Est.{{formatnum:  }} (35th)
Population census31612897 (2006)
Density (pop.)3.2/km2 (228th) (8.3/sq mi)
GDP PPP$1.330 trillion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$39,057
GDP (nominal)$1.574 trillion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$46,215
Other information
Gini32.1 (2005) (medium)
HDI(+) 0.888 (2010) (very high) (8th)
CurrencyCanadian dollar ($) (CAD)
Date formatsdd-mm-yyyy, mm-dd-yyyy, and yyyy-mm-dd (CE)
Drives on theRight
Calling code+1

     Home | Country | Canada

Canada (c-eniconˈkænədə) is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west, and northward into the Arctic Ocean. Spanning over 9.9 million square kilometres, Canada is the world's second-largest country by total area, and its common border with the United States is the longest land border in the world.

The land that is now Canada was inhabited for millennia by various groups of Aboriginal peoples. Beginning in the late 15th century, British and French expeditions explored, and later settled, along the Atlantic coast. France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763 after the Seven Years' War. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces. This began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster 1931 and culminated in the Canada Act 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament.

Canada is a federal state that is governed as a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state. It is a bilingual nation with both English and French as official languages at the federal level. One of the world's most highly developed countries, Canada has a diversified economy that is reliant upon its abundant natural resources and upon trade particularly with the United States, with which Canada has had a long and complex relationship. It is a member of the G7, G8, G20, NATO, OECD, WTO, Commonwealth of Nations, Francophonie, OAS, APEC, and UN. With the eighth-highest Human Development Index globally, Canada has one of the highest standards of living in the world.

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