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Burma

Burma
General information
Common nameBurma
Local name
Pyidaunzu Thanmăda Myăma Nainngandaw
Name
Pyidaunzu Thanmăda Myăma Nainngandaw
AnthemKaba Ma Kyei
CapitalNaypyidaw
Largest cityYangon (Rangoon)
Official languagesBurmese
Regional languagesJingpho, Kayah, Karen, Chin, Mon, Rakhine, Shan
Official scriptsBurmese script
DemonymBurmese / Myanma
Government
GovernmentUnitary presidential republic
PresidentThein Sein
Vice PresidentTin Aung Myint Oo
Sai Mauk Kham
LegislaturePyidaungsu Hluttaw
Upper HouseAmyotha Hluttaw
Lower HousePyithu Hluttaw
FormationFormation
Pagan Dynasty23 December 849
Toungoo Dynasty16 October 1510
Konbaung Dynasty21 March 1752
Independence
(from UK)
4 January 1948
Coup d'état2 March 1962
New constitution30 March 2011
Geography
Total Area261227 sq mi (676577.9 km2) (40th)
Water %3.06
Demography
Population Est.58840000 (24th)
Population census33,234,000 (3) (1983)
Density (pop.)73.9/km2 (119th) (191.5/sq mi)
Economy
GDP PPP$76.473 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$1,250
GDP (nominal)$42.953 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$702
Other information
HDI(-) 0.451  (2010) (low) (132nd)
Currencykyat (K) (MMK)
Time zoneMST (UTC+06:30)
Drives on theright
Internet TLD.mm
Calling code95

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Burma c-enaudio=En-us-Burma.oggˈbɜrmə, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar c-enaudio=En-us-Myanmar.oggˌmjɑːnˈmɑr ( , Pyidaunzu Thanmăda Myăma Nainngandaw, -mypjìdà̀uɴzṵ θà̀ɴməda̯ mjəmà nàiɴŋàɴdɔ̀pron), is a country in Southeast Asia. The country is bordered by the People's Republic of China on the northeast, Laos on the east, Thailand on the southeast, Bangladesh on the west, India on the northwest, and the Bay of Bengal to the southwest, with the Andaman Sea defining its southern periphery. One-third of Burma's total perimeter of 1930 km (1199.2 mi) forms an uninterrupted coastline. At 676,578 km2 (261,227 sq mi), Burma is the 40th largest country in the world and the second largest country in Southeast Asia. Burma is also the 24th most populous country in the world with over 58.8 million people.

Burma is home to some of the major civilizations of Southeast Asia including Pyu and Mon. In 9th century, the Burmans of the Kingdom of Nanzhao, entered the upper Irrawaddy valley and established the Pagan Kingdom in 1057. The Burmese language and culture slowly came to intertwine with Pyu and Mon norms. During this period, Pagan Kings adopted Buddhism as the predominant religion of the country. After Pagan's fall in 1287, several warring states emerged. In the second half of the 16th century, the Taungoo Dynasty reunified the country, and founded the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia for a brief period. In the 18th century, the Konbaung Dynasty restored the kingdom, and went to war with all its neighbors. The kingdom fought three wars with the British and was eventually annexed into British Raj.

The British rule brought several enduring social, economic, cultural and administrative changes that completely transformed the once-feudal society. Since independence in 1948, the country has been in one of the longest running civil wars among the country's myriad ethnic groups that remains unresolved. From 1962 to 2011, the country was under military rule and in the process has become one of the least developed nations in the world. The military junta finally dissolved in 2011 following a general election in 2010 and the subsequent inauguration of Burma's civilian government.

Burma is a resource rich country. However, since the reformations of 1962, the Burmese economy has become one of the least developed in the world. Burma’s GDP stands at $42.953 billion and grows at an average rate of 2.9% annually the lowest rate of economic growth in the Greater Mekong Subregion. Among others, the EU, United States and Canada have imposed economic sanctions on Burma. Burma's health care system is one of the worst in the world: World Health Organization ranked Burma at 190th, the worst performing of all countries.

The United Nations and several other organizations have reported consistent and systematic human rights violations in the country, including child labour, human trafficking and a lack of freedom of speech.

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Burma does not deserve any extra credit from Asean - The Nation Tweet this news
The Nation--By The Nation Since its admission into Asean in 1997, -Burma- has been dragging the regional grouping down. For the past 14 years the Asean leaders have been very patient with the new member of the family; they have shown a great deal of faith - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 00:13:58 GMT+00:00
Letter from Burma: A Few Poems - Mainichi Daily News Tweet this news
Mainichi Daily News--A subdued echo of the fury of earth and sea unleashed on Japan the fateful day of the tsunami sounded in -Burma- a week later. An earthquake in the eastern part of the Shan plateau caused over a hundred deaths, brought down buildings - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 02:54:10 GMT+00:00
Softball's 'Burma Road' tests Lady Longhorns - Payson Roundup Tweet this news
Payson Roundup--Senior Cami Barnett readies herself to jump on a fastball offering from an Alchesay pitcher. Lady Horn hitters enjoyed a field day in the twin bill scoring 35 runs. By Max Foster After watching her charges play eight high school softball g - Date : Fri, 22 Apr 2011 20:09:25 GMT+00:00
Junta army has women porters lead the way in war zone - Shan Herald Agency for News Tweet this news
Shan Herald Agency for News--Women in Shan State North's Tangyan township who have been forced to porter for the -Burma- Army troops in their campaign against the Shan State Progress Party/State State Army (SSPP/SSA), are being threatened by -Burma- - Date : Fri, 22 Apr 2011 07:39:16 GMT+00:00
Burma: Has It Changed? - Analysis - Eurasia Review Tweet this news
Eurasia Review--“In spite of the protestations of some -Burmese- democrats and their international supporters that nothing has changed fundamentally, change has come to -Burma-.” EBO Analysis Paper No. 2/2011 Much water has flown through the Irrawad - Date : Fri, 22 Apr 2011 09:02:49 GMT+00:00
Polio Threatens Burma - Inter Press Service Tweet this news
Inter Press Service--BANGKOK, Apr 22, 2011 (IPS) - A small army of volunteers from local non-governmental organisations has fanned out across -Burma- to inoculate 3.4 million children from a rare strain of the polio virus that has re-emerged three ... - Date : Fri, 22 Apr 2011 07:36:52 GMT+00:00
Quentin Bryce to lead Thai Anzac service - Sydney Morning Herald Tweet this news
Sydney Morning Herald--Australia's Governor-General Quentin Bryce will lead an Anzac Day dawn service at Hellfire Pass, the site of the infamous Thai--Burma- railway. Former Australian prisoners of war, now in their 80s, will be returning to where 12 - Date : Fri, 22 Apr 2011 03:10:45 GMT+00:00
Burma Army pursuing 4 cut aims in former ceasefire territories - Shan Herald Agency for News Tweet this news
Shan Herald Agency for News--One of the -Burma- Army's objectives in the ongoing Zwe Man Hein campaign against the Shan State Army (SSA) 'North' is to occupy the border areas between it and the United Wa State Army (UWSA) and it has been su - Date : Fri, 22 Apr 2011 06:37:12 GMT+00:00
Involuntary Repatriation of RefugeesA Bad Idea - The Irrawaddy News Magazine Tweet this news
The Irrawaddy News Magazine--With -Burma's- recent shift from military rule to a parliamentary governmentat least in name Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva and his administration may see an opportunity to relieve itself of the refugee burden. But th - Date : Fri, 22 Apr 2011 06:28:09 GMT+00:00
US unwilling to work with ASEAN with Burma as chair - Australia Network News Tweet this news
Australia Network News--The new civilian government in -Burma- has submitted a letter to the ASEAN secretariat, stating its readiness to take up the group's chair in 2014. [AFP] The United States says it is unwilling to work with the Association of S - Date : Thu, 21 Apr 2011 23:00:47 GMT+00:00

List of historical capitals : Uprising of 1988 and the SPDC
No. State/Region Districts Townships Cities/Towns Wards Village groups Villages
1 Kachin State 3 18 20 116 606 2630
2 Kayah State 2 7 7 29 79 624
3 Kayin State 3 7 10 46 376 2092
4 Chin State 2 9 9 29 475 1355
5 Sagaing Region 8 37 37 171 1769 6095
6 Tanintharyi Region 3 10 10 63 265 1255
7 Bago Region 4 28 33 246 1424 6498
8 Magway Region 5 25 26 160 1543 4774
9 Mandalay Region 7 31 29 259 1611 5472
10 Mon State 2 10 11 69 381 1199
11 Rakhine State 4 17 17 120 1041 3871
12 Yangon Region 4 45 20 685 634 2119
13 Shan State 11 54 54 336 1626 15513
14 Ayeyarwady Region 6 26 29 219 1912 11651
Total 63 324 312 2548 13742 65148

MM Burma (Myanmar) topics

HistoryPyu city-states * Thaton Kingdom * Pagan Dynasty * Myinsaing Kingdom * Pinya Kingdom * Sagaing Kingdom * Ava Kingdom * Hanthawaddy Kingdom * Mrauk-U Kingdom * Toungoo Dynasty * Konbaung Dynasty * British rule * Japanese occupation * Burmese Way to Socialism *
GeographyHkakabo Razi * Mount Popa * Indawgyi Lake * Inle Lake * Ayeyarwady River * Chindwin River * Salween River * Sittang River
PoliticsState Peace and Development Council * President * Prime Minister * Political parties (CPB * NLD * NUP * SNLD) * Elections * Foreign relations
EconomyKyat
DemographicsLanguages * Ethnic groups
CultureBurmese language * Cinema * Cuisine * Literature * Music * Public holidays
OtherBuddhism * Christianity * Censorship * Communications * Etymology * HIV/AIDS * Human rights (LGBT rights) * Military * Roman Catholicism * Prostitution * Scouting * Transportation * Women's League of Burma
Current events2007 Burmese anti-government protests * Cyclone Nargis

Countries and other territories in Southeast Asia

Sovereign states
BN
Burma
KH
TL
ID
LA

MY
PH
SG
TH
VN
|col3width=18.5em;
Dependencies
CX
Cocos (Keeling) Islands

Divisions of sovereign states
IN Andaman and Nicobar Islands
China Hainan

Countries and Territories of South Asia

CountriesBangladesh * Bhutan * India * Maldives * Nepal * Pakistan * Sri Lanka
Sometimes includedAfghanistan * Burma * British Indian Ocean Territory * Iran * Tibet

Austronesian-speaking countries and territories

FormosanTaiwan
Malayo-PolynesianAmerican Samoa * Brunei * Burma (Myanmar) * Cambodia * Christmas Island * Cocos (Keeling) Islands * Cook Islands * Easter Island * East Timor * Fiji * French Polynesia * Guam * Hainan * Indonesia * Kiribati * Madagascar * Malaysia * Marshall Islands * FS Micronesia * Nauru * New Caledonia * New Zealand * Niue * Northern Mariana Islands * Orchid Island * Palau * Papua New Guinea * Philippines * Samoa * Singapore * Solomon Islands * Sri Lanka * Suriname * Tokelau * Tonga * Tuvalu * United States (Hawaii) * Vanuatu * Vietnam * Wallis and Futuna

Association of Southeast Asian Nations

MembersBrunei * Burma (Myanmar) * Cambodia * Indonesia * Laos * Malaysia * Philippines * Singapore * Thailand * Vietnam
ObserversPapua New Guinea * Timor-Leste
Summits/ForumsASEAN Summits * ASEAN Free Trade Area * ASEAN +3 * ASEAN Regional Forum * ASEM * East Asia Summit
Related articlesAnthem * Charter * Common Time * Date of Establishment * Flag * Hymn * Organizations * SEA Games * Secretariat * Treaty of Amity and Cooperation

East Asia Summit (EAS)

Australia
Brunei
CN
Cambodia
India
Indonesia
Japan
Laos
Malaysia
Myanmar
New Zealand
Philippines |col4width=17em
Singapore
South Korea
Thailand
Vietnam

Countries of Asia

Afghanistan * Armenia * Azerbaijanup|1 * Bahrain * Bangladesh * Bhutan * Brunei * Burma * Cambodia * People's Republic of China * Republic of China (Taiwan)up|2 * Cyprus * Egyptup|3 * Georgiaup|1 * India * Indonesiaup|4 * Iran * Iraq * Israel * Japan * Jordan * Kazakhstanup|1 * North Korea * South Korea * Kuwait * Kyrgyzstan * Laos * Lebanon * Malaysia * Maldives * Mongolia * Nepal * Oman * Pakistan * Philippines * Qatar * Russiaup|1 * Saudi Arabia * Singapore * Sri Lanka * Syria * Tajikistan * Thailand * East Timor (Timor-Leste)up|4 * Turkeyup|1 * Turkmenistan * United Arab Emirates * Uzbekistan * Vietnam * Yemenup|3 | ---- For dependent and other territories, see Dependent territory. ---- 1 Partly or significantly in Europe. 2 The Republic of China (Taiwan) is not officially recognized by the United Nations; see Political status of Taiwan.
3 Partly or significantly in Africa. 4 Partly or wholly reckoned in Oceania.



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