Yom Kippur War
AskBiography Logo   Latest News  Follow Us on Twitter  Follow Us on Google Buzz  Became Fan - Facebook  Subscribe to RSSRSS   Bookmark and Share

Yom Kippur War

Egyptian forces crossing the Suez Canal on October 7
Military Conflict
ConflictYom Kippur War/October War
DateOctober 6 � October 26, 1973
LocationSinai Peninsula and west bank of Suez Canal, Golan Heights and other regions in southern Syria
Result*Israeli tactical victory and a UN cease-fire after UNSCR 338, 339 and 340, leading to the Geneva Conference and the Sinai Interim Agreement. *Political and strategic gains for Egypt and Israel *See long-term effects
Arab Expeditionary Forces:
Saudi Arabia
Other Expeditionary Forces:
North Korea
Anwar Sadat
Hafez al-Assad
Ahmad Ismail Ali
Mustafa Tlass
Saad El Shazly
General Shakkour
Abdel Ghani el-Gammasy
Hosni Mubarak
Naji Jamil
Abdul Munim Wassel
Abd-Al-Minaam Khaleel
Mohammed Aly Fahmy
Abu Zikry
Omar Abrash  
Golda Meir
Moshe Dayan
David Elazar
Shmuel Gonen
Haim Bar-Lev
Israel Tal
Yitzhak Hofi
Benjamin Peled
Benjamin Telem
Rafael Eitan
Moshe Peled
Albert Mandler  
Abraham Adan
Ariel Sharon
Kalman Magen
Egypt: 300,000 deployed (100,000 crossed), 1,700 tanks (1,020 crossed), 2,400 armored carriers, 1,120 artillery units, 400 combat aircraft, 140 helicopters, 104 Navy vessels, 150 surface to air missile batteries (62 in the front line)
Syria: 60,000 deployed (28,000 in initial offensive), 1,200 tanks, 800 � 900 armored carriers, 600 artillery units, 350 aircraft, 36 helicopters, 21 Navy vessels, 36 surface to air missile batteries (25 in the front line)
Iraq: 30,000 troops, 250 � 500 tanks, 500 armored carriers, 200 artillery units, 73 aircraft
415,000 troops,
2,300 tanks,
3,000 armored carriers,
945 artillery units,
440 combat aircraft,
84 helicopters,
160 other kinds of aircraft,
38 Navy vessels
8,000 � 18,500 dead
18,000-35,000 wounded
8,372 captured Egyptians
392 captured Syrians
13 captured Iraqis
6 captured Moroccans
2,300 tanks destroyed or captured
341 � 514 planes destroyed
19 naval vessels including 10 missile boats sunk
2,521 � 2,800 dead
7,250-8,800 wounded
293 captured
400 tanks destroyed
600 tanks damaged and returned to service
102 planes destroyed

     Home | Military Conflict | Yom Kippur War

The Yom Kippur War, Ramadan War or October War ( ; transliterated: Milẖemet Yom HaKipurim or מלחמת יום כיפור, Milẖemet Yom Kipur; ; transliterated: ħarb October or حرب تشرين, ħarb Tishrin), also known as the 1973 Arab-Israeli War and the Fourth Arab-Israeli War, was fought from October 6 to October 26, 1973, between Israel and a coalition of Arab states backing Egypt and Syria. The war began with a joint surprise attack on Yom Kippur, the holiest day in Judaism, which coincided with the Muslim holy month of Ramadan. Egypt and Syria respectively crossed cease-fire lines to enter the Israeli-held Sinai Peninsula and Golan Heights, which had been captured and occupied since the 1967 Six-Day War. The conflict had all the elements of a severe international crisis, and ended with a near-confrontation between the two nuclear superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union, both of whom launched massive resupply efforts to their allies during the war.

The war began with a massive and successful Egyptian attack across the heavily-fortified Suez Canal during the first three days, after which they dug in, and the southern front settled into a stalemate. In the north, the Syrians simultaneously attacked the critical Golan Heights and initially achieved threatening gains, after which their momentum waned. Within a week, Israel repelled the Syrian attack and launched a four-day counter-offensive, driving deeper into Syria. To relieve this pressure, the Egyptians renewed their offensive, but decisively failed to advance; the Israelis then counterattacked at the seam between two Egyptian armies, crossed the Suez Canal, and advanced southward and eastward in over a week of heavy fighting. Israel encircled elements of Egypt's Third Army after an agreed United Nations ceasefire resolution. This initially prompted tension between the superpowers, but a ceasefire was imposed cooperatively on October 25 to end the war. By the end of the fighting, Israeli forces were 40 kilometers from Damascus and 101 kilometers from Cairo.

The war had far-reaching implications for many nations. The Arab World, which had been humiliated by the lopsided rout of the Egyptian-Syrian-Jordanian alliance during the Six-Day War, felt psychologically vindicated by successes early in the conflict. In Israel, despite impressive operational and tactical achievements on the battlefield, the war effectively ended the sense of invincibility and complacency. The war also challenged many American assumptions and it pursued newfound efforts at mediation and peacemaking. These changes combined paved the way for the subsequent peace process. The Camp David Accords that followed brought the return of the Sinai to Egypt and normalized relations-the first peaceful recognition of Israel by an Arab country. Egypt continued its drift away from the Soviet Union and left the Soviet sphere entirely.

Latest News : Yom Kippur War : Tweet this RSS

Want to Yom Kippur War latest news on your twitter account???   sign in with twitter
Yom Kippur War     sign in with twitter   ||  Military_Conflict     sign in with twitter   ||  Government     sign in with twitter
Zvi Shalit to PM: Time to atone for abandoning Gilad - Ynetnews Tweet this news
Ynetnews--Shalit noted that his eldest son, Yoel Shalit, was killed during -Yom Kippur war-, and said that "Gilad's faith does not have to be the same as Yoel's. ... - Date : Thu, 16 Sep 2010 10:18:21 GMT+00:00
Bad Fortune: Five Bizarre Billionaire Murders - DailyFinance Tweet this news
DailyFinance---...- for assassination after it was revealed he was an alleged agent for Israel's Mossad, or possibly a double agent for Egypt, during the -Yom Kippur War-. ... - Date : Tue, 22 Jun 2010 14:28:18 GMT+00:00

Weapons : Aid to Israel
Type Arab armies IDF
Tanks Egypt, Syria and Iraq used T-34/85, T-54, T-55, T-62 and PT-76, as well as SU-100/152 WWII vintage self propelled guns. M50 and M51 Shermans with upgraded engines, M48A5 Patton, M60A1 Patton, Centurion and about 200 T-54/55 captured during the Six-Day War. All tanks were upgraded with the British 105 mm L7 gun, prior to the war.
APCs/IFVs BTR-40, BTR-152, BTR-50, BTR-60 APC's & BMP 1 IFV's M2/M3 Half-track, M113
Artillery M1937 Howitzer, BM-21, D-30 (2A18) Howitzer, M1954 field gun M109 self-propelled howitzer, M107 Self-Propelled Gun, M110 self-propelled howitzer, M50 self-propelled howitzer and Makmat 160 mm self-propelled mortar, Obusier de 155 mm Modèle 50, Soltam M-68 and 130 mm towed field gun M1954 (M-46)
Aircraft MiG-21, MiG-19, MiG-17, Su-7B, Tu-16, Il-28, Il-18, Il-14, An-12, Aero L-29 A-4 Skyhawk, F-4 Phantom II, Dassault Mirage III, Dassault Super Mystère, IAI Nesher
Helicopters Mi-6, Mi-8 Super Frelon, CH-53, AB-205
AAW SA-6 Gainful, SA-3 Goa, SA-2 Guideline, ZSU-23-4, Strela 2 MIM-23 Hawk, MIM-72/M48 Chaparral, Bofors 40 mm
Infantry weapons Port Said submachinegun, AK-47, RPK, RPD, DShK HMG, AT-3 Sagger, RPG-7 and B-11 recoilless rifle Uzi, FN FAL, AK-47, FN MAG, M2 Browning, Nord SS.11, LAW and TOW
Sea to Sea Missiles P-15 Termit Gabriel missile
Air-to-Air Missiles Vympel K-13 Shafrir 2, AIM-9 Sidewinder, AIM-7 Sparrow, AGM-45 Shrike anti radiation missile

Cold War

1940sYalta Conference * Operation Unthinkable * Potsdam Conference * Gouzenko Affair * War in Vietnam (1945 �1946) * Iran crisis of 1946 * Greek Civil War * Restatement of Policy on Germany * First Indochina War * Truman Doctrine * Asian Relations Conference * Marshall Plan * Czechoslovak coup d'état of 1948 * Tito �Stalin split * Berlin Blockade * Western betrayal * Iron Curtain * Eastern Bloc * Chinese Civil War (Second round)
1950sKorean War * 1953 Iranian coup d'état * Uprising of 1953 in East Germany * 1954 Guatemalan coup d'état * Partition of Vietnam * First Taiwan Strait Crisis * Geneva Summit (1955) * Poznań 1956 protests * Hungarian Revolution of 1956 * Suez Crisis * Sputnik crisis * Second Taiwan Strait Crisis * Cuban Revolution * Kitchen Debate * Asian �African Conference * Bricker Amendment * McCarthyism * Operation Gladio * Hallstein Doctrine
1960sCongo Crisis * Sino-Soviet split * 1960 U-2 incident * Bay of Pigs Invasion * Cuban Missile Crisis * Berlin Wall * Vietnam War * 1964 Brazilian coup d'état * 1965 United States occupation of the Dominican Republic * South African Border War * Transition to the New Order * Domino theory * ASEAN Declaration * Laotian Civil War * Greek military junta of 1967 �1974 * Six Day War * Cultural Revolution * Sino-Indian War * Prague Spring * Goulash Communism * Sino-Soviet border conflict
1970sDétente * Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty * Black September in Jordan * Cambodian Civil War * Realpolitik * Ping Pong Diplomacy * Four Power Agreement on Berlin * 1972 Nixon visit to China * 1973 Chilean coup d'état * Yom Kippur War * Strategic Arms Limitation Talks * Angolan Civil War * Mozambican Civil War * Ogaden War * Cambodian �Vietnamese War * Sino-Vietnamese War * Iranian Revolution * Operation Condor * Bangladesh Liberation War * Korean Air Lines Flight 902
1980sSoviet war in Afghanistan * 1980 and 1984 Summer Olympics boycotts * Solidarity (Soviet reaction) * Contras * Central American crisis * RYAN * Korean Air Lines Flight 007 * Able Archer 83 * Strategic Defense Initiative * Invasion of Grenada * People Power Revolution * Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 * United States invasion of Panama * Fall of the Berlin Wall * Revolutions of 1989 * Glasnost * Perestroika
1990sDemocratic Revolution in Mongolia * Breakup of Yugoslavia * Dissolution of the USSR * Dissolution of Czechoslovakia
See alsoSoviet and Russian espionage in * Soviet Union � United States relations * NATO �Russia relations
OrganizationsASEAN * CIA * Comecon * EEC * KGB * MI6 * Stasi
RacesArms race * Nuclear arms race * Space Race
IdeologiesCapitalism * Communism (Castroism * Guevarism * Juche * Maoism * Stalinism * Titoism * Trotskyism) * Liberal democracy
PropagandaActive measures * Izvestia * Pravda * Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty * Red Scare * TASS * Voice of America * Voice of Russia
Foreign policyTruman Doctrine * Marshall Plan * Containment * Eisenhower Doctrine * Domino theory * Kennedy Doctrine * Peaceful coexistence * Ostpolitik * Johnson Doctrine * Brezhnev Doctrine * Nixon Doctrine * Ulbricht Doctrine * Carter Doctrine * Reagan Doctrine * Rollback

Privacy | Sitemap