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Brazil

Brazil
General information
Common nameBrazil
Local name 
Name 
Motto"Ordem e Progresso"
 
"Order and Progress"
AnthemHino Nacional Brasileiro
 
"Brazilian National Anthem"
CapitalBrasília
Largest citySão Paulo
Official languagesPortuguese
Ethnic groups48.43% White
43.80% Brown (Multiracial)
6.84% Black
0.58% Asian
0.28% Amerindian (2008
)
DemonymBrazilian
Government
GovernmentFederal presidential constitutional republic
PresidentDilma Rousseff (PT)
Vice PresidentMichel Temer (PMDB)
President of the Chamber of DeputiesMarco Maia (PT)
President of the SenateJosé Sarney (PMDB)
Chief JusticeCezar Peluso
LegislatureNational Congress
Upper HouseFederal Senate
Lower HouseChamber of Deputies
IndependenceIndependence (from United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves)
Declared7 September 1822
Recognized29 August 1825
Republic15 November 1889
Current constitution5 October 1988
Geography
Total Area3287597 sq mi (8514876.2 km2) (5th)
Water %0.65
Demography
Population census192 376 496 (5th) (2011)
Density (pop.)22/km2 (182nd) (57/sq mi)
Economy
GDP PPP$2.309 trillion (2011) (8th)
GDP (PPP) per capita$11,485 (75th)
GDP (nominal)$2.517 trillion (2011) (7th)
GDP (nominal) per capita$12,916 (54th)
Other information
Gini53.9 (2009) (high)
HDI0.699 (2010) (high) (73rd)
CurrencyReal (R$) (BRL)
Time zoneBRT (UTC-2 to -4)
- Summer (DST)BRST (UTC-2 to -4)
Date formatsdd/mm/yyyy (CE)
Drives on theright
Internet TLD.br
Calling code+55

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Brazil c-enaudio=en-us-Brazil.oggbrəˈzɪl ( , -ptbɾaˈziwIPA), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil ( , ), is the largest country in South America. It is the world's fifth largest country, both by geographical area and by population with over 192 million people. It is the only Portuguese-speaking country in the Americas and the largest lusophone (Portuguese-speaking) country in the world.

Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7491 km (4654.7 mi). It is bordered on the north by Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and the French overseas region of French Guiana; on the northwest by Colombia; on the west by Bolivia and Peru; on the southwest by Argentina and Paraguay and on the south by Uruguay. Numerous archipelagos form part of Brazilian territory, such as Fernando de Noronha, Rocas Atoll, Saint Peter and Paul Rocks, and Trindade and Martim Vaz. It borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile.

Brazil was a colony of Portugal from the landing of Pedro Álvares Cabral in 1500 until 1815, when it was elevated to the rank of kingdom and the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves was formed. The colonial bond was in fact broken in 1808, when the capital of the Portuguese colonial Empire was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro, after Napoleon invaded Portugal. The independence from the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves was achieved in 1822. Initially independent as the Empire of Brazil, period when it was a unitary state governed under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system, the country has been a presidential republic since 1889, after a military coup d'état proclaimed the Republic, although the bicameral legislature, now called Congress, dates back to 1824, when the first constitution was ratified. Its current Constitution, formulated in 1988, defines Brazil as a Federal Republic. The Federation is formed by the union of the Federal District, the 26 States, and the 5,564 Municipalities.

The Brazilian economy is the world's seventh largest economy by nominal GDP and the eighth largest by purchasing power parity.Brazil is one of the world's fastest growing major economies . Economic reforms have given the country new international recognition. Brazil is a founding member of the United Nations, the G20, CPLP, Latin Union, the Organization of Ibero-American States, Mercosul and the Union of South American Nations, and is one of the BRIC countries. Brazil is also home to a diversity of wildlife, natural environments, and extensive natural resources in a variety of protected habitats.

Brazil Video

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Ipanema Beach is famously known for its elegance and social qualities. Two mountains called the "Dois Irmãos" (Two Brothers) rise at the western end of the beach. The beach is divided into...
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The full-screen video of the worldwide #1 smash hit record from 1989. Kaoma - "The Lambada" (also known as "Llorando se fue"). For more details on The Lambad...
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When a jaguar pounces, sometimes one bite is all it takes to get a meal. National Geographic has exclusive video of a jaguar taking down a caiman in Brazil's...
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Take a look at these sports pictures taken at exactly the right moment - some are funny, some are sexy and others are pure fails! Watch NEW volume 3 (Screen ...
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Extremely Scary Corpse Elevator Prank in Brazil.
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Latest News : Brazil : Tweet this RSS

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Cadiz: Brazil trip to sell T&T - Trinidad & Tobago Express Tweet this news
Trinidad & Tobago Express--Prime Minister Kamla Persad Bissessar leaves for -Brazil- tomorrow accompanied by Trade Minister Stephen Cadiz, Energy Minister Carolyn Seepersad Bachan, Foreign Affairs Minister Suruj Rambachan and ... - Date : Sun, 24 Apr 2011 03:56:02 GMT+00:00
US women impressive in Brasilia - Universal Sports (blog) Tweet this news
Universal Sports (blog)--April 22, 2011: Brazilians Larissa Franca and Juliana Silva defeat Americans Misty May-Treanor and Kerri Walsh in the final of the FIVB season opener in Brasilia, -Brazil-. April 19-23, 2011: Images from the ... - Date : Sun, 24 Apr 2011 01:35:36 GMT+00:00
Doha trade round faces risk of collapse after 10 years of talks - The Guardian Tweet this news
The Guardian--With little evidence that the leading developing nations - China, India and -Brazil- - are prepared to bow to US and European Union pressure to make deeper cuts in the protection offered to their manufacturers, the mood at the WTO's Gen - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 23:06:33 GMT+00:00
Harry Domash, Online Investing: Understanding exchange-traded funds - Santa Cruz Sentinel Tweet this news
Santa Cruz Sentinel--Of the 20 countries that comprise Latin America, -Brazil-, with $2.2 trillion gross domestic product, is the largest and offers the best growth prospects. -Brazil- is the 10th largest economy in the world. Exports include aircraft, el - Date : Sun, 24 Apr 2011 08:36:09 GMT+00:00
'Iran to open trade center in Brazil' - Press TV Tweet this news
Press TV--The Iran--Brazil- Friendship Association has announced that the Islamic Republic plans to open a trade center in the Brazilian capital Brasilia. Director of the association, Mirqasem Mo'meni, told Fars News Agency on Saturday that the cente - Date : Sun, 24 Apr 2011 04:30:25 GMT+00:00
Paul McCartney Adds Second Date In Brazil - RTT News Tweet this news
RTT News--(RTTNews) - Paul McCartney has added a second show to his upcoming tour stop in Rio De Janeiro, -Brazil- next month. The former Beatle had initially booked a show at Rio's Estadio Olimpico Joao Havelange Stadium on May 22 and has since adde - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 15:12:24 GMT+00:00
Floods in southern Brazil kill at least 8 - Arab News Tweet this news
Arab News--By AP SAO PAULO: Civil defense authorities say that heavy flooding in -Brazil's- southern state of Rio Grande do Sul has killed at least eight people. Fernando Soska of the state's civil defense department says six of the victims, inc - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 20:51:44 GMT+00:00
Rogers and Dalhausser win Brasilia Open - Universal Sports (blog) Tweet this news
Universal Sports (blog)--April 19-23, 2011: Images from the FIVB World Tour women's Open event in Brasilia, -Brazil-. The pair cruised to a 2-0 victory over Brazilians Emanuel Rego and Alison Cerutti Saturday morning to win the Brasilia Open. The win - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 14:32:01 GMT+00:00
2011 NBA Draft: International bigs Donatas Motiejunas, Lucas Nogueira declare - Examiner.com Tweet this news
Examiner.com--Two top international big men, Lithuania's Donatas Motiejunas and -Brazil's- Lucas Nogueira, have entered their names into the 2011 NBA Draft scheduled for June 23. "He applied today,'' Herb Rudoy, Montiejunas&ap - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 20:21:02 GMT+00:00
Brazil Central Bank Statement on Interest Rate Decision (Text) - Bloomberg Tweet this news
Bloomberg--Following is a translation of the statement by -Brazil's- central bank on its interest rate decision today. “Following the process of adjustment of monetary conditions, the Copom decided to raise the ... - Date : Wed, 20 Apr 2011 23:45:42 GMT+00:00

Transport :
Colour/Race (2008) 
White 48.43%
Brown (Multiracial) 43.80%
Black 6.84%
Asian 0.58%
Amerindian 0.28%

BR Brazil topics

HistoryFirst inhabitants * Colonization * Empire * República Velha * Estado Novo * Second Republic * Military rule * Contemporary
PoliticsConstitution * President * National Congress * Law * Law enforcement * Supreme Federal Tribunal * Elections * Political parties * Foreign relations * Human rights (LGBT rights) * Anti-discrimination laws * Antarctic Geopolitics
EconomyReal * Central Bank * List of companies * Agriculture * Industry * Economic history * Telecommunications * Transport * Energy
GeographyRegions * States * Municipalities * Islands * Coastline * Climate * Environment * Extreme points * Protected areas * Capitals
DemographicsPeople * Languages * Religion * Immigration * Education * Health * Crime * Social issues * Largest cities * Apartheid
CultureArt (general) * Carnival * Cuisine * Cinema * Holidays * Literature * Music (Musicians * Groups) * Painting * Sculpture * Sports * Tourism
Other topicsMilitary * International rankings * Science and technology * Ethanol fuel * Mercosul * Potential superpowers * Renewable energy

Countries of South America

Sovereign states
Argentina * Bolivia * Brazil * Chile * Colombia * Ecuador * Guyana * Panama * Paraguay * Peru * Suriname * Uruguay * Venezuela

Dependencies
Falkland Islands * South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (UK) * Aruba * Netherlands Antilles (Netherlands)

Overseas department
French Guiana (France)

Latin Union

Member nationsAndorra * Angola * Bolivia * Brazil * Cape Verde * Chile * Colombia * Costa Rica * Côte d'Ivoire * Cuba * Dominican Republic * East Timor * Ecuador * El Salvador * France * Guatemala * Guinea-Bissau * Haiti * Honduras * Italy * Mexico * Moldova * Monaco * Mozambique * Nicaragua * Panama * Paraguay * Peru * Philippines * Portugal * Romania * San Marino * São Tomé and Príncipe * Senegal * Spain * Uruguay * Venezuela
Permanent observersArgentina * Holy See * Sovereign Military Order of Malta
Official languagesCatalan * French * Italian * Portuguese * Romanian * Spanish

Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP)

Members:Angola * Brazil * Cape Verde * East Timor * Guinea-Bissau * Mozambique * Portugal * São Tomé and Príncipe
Observers:Mauritius * Senegal * Equatorial Guinea
In Process:Andorra * Morocco * Philippines * Galicia * Macau * Malacca * Goa * Croatia * Romania * Ukraine

Organization of American States (OAS)

Antigua and Barbuda * Argentina * Barbados * Brazil * Belize * Bahamas * Bolivia * Costa Rica * Cuba * Canada * Dominica * Dominican Republic * Ecuador * El Salvador * Grenada * Guatemala * Guyana * Haiti * Honduras * Jamaica * Mexico * Nicaragua * Panama * Paraguay * Peru * St. Lucia * St. Vincent and the Grenadines * St. Kitts and Nevis * Suriname * Trinidad and Tobago * United States * Uruguay * Venezuela

BRIC countries

BR * RU * IN * China

South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone

MembersAngola * Argentina * Benin * Brazil * Cameroon * Cape Verde * Republic of the Congo * Democratic Republic of the Congo * Côte d'Ivoire * Equatorial Guinea * Gabon * The Gambia * Ghana * Guinea * Guinea-Bissau * Liberia * Namibia * Nigeria * São Tomé and Príncipe * Senegal * Sierra Leone * South Africa * Togo * Uruguay
Ministerial Meetings2nd (1993) * 3rd (1994) * 4th (1996) * 5th (1998) * 6th (2007)



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