Saddam Hussein
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Saddam Hussein

Personal data
Date of birth28 April 1937
Place of birthAl-Awja, Iraq
Date of death30 December 2006(age 69)
Place of deathKadhimiya, Iraq
Political partyBa'ath Party (NPF)
SpouseSajida Talfah, Samira Shahbandar
ChildrenUday, Qusay, Raghad, Rana,Hala
ReligionOrthodox Sunni Islam
President of Iraq
In office16 July 1979 - 9 April 2003
Prime ministerSa'dun Hammadi
Mohammed Amza Zubeidi
Ahmad Husayn Khudayir as-Samarrai
Succeeded byJay Garner*
Preceded byAhmed Hassan al-Bakr
57th & 61st Prime Minister of Iraq
11th & 15th Prime Minister of the Republic of Iraq
In office29 May 1994 - 9 April 2003
Succeeded byMohammad Bahr al-Ulloum**
Preceded byAhmad Husayn Khudayir as-Samarrai
In office16 July 1979 - 23 March 1991
Succeeded bySa'dun Hammadi
Preceded byAhmed Hassan al-Bakr

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Saddam Hussein






Reorganised parts of Infobox: moved full name to birth name and added footnotes

Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (Arabic: ; 28 April 1937 � 30 December 2006) was the President of Iraq from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003. A leading member of the revolutionary Ba'ath Party, which espoused a mix of Arab nationalism and Arab socialism, Saddam played a key role in the 1968 coup that brought the party to long-term power.

As vice president under the ailing General Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr, and at a time when many groups were considered capable of overthrowing the government, Saddam created security forces through which he tightly controlled conflict between the government and the armed forces. In the early 1970s, Saddam spearheaded Iraq's nationalization of the Western-owned Iraq Petroleum Company, which had long held a monopoly on the country's oil. Through the 1970s, Saddam cemented his authority over the apparatuses of government as Iraq's economy grew at a rapid pace.

As president, Saddam maintained power during the Iran � Iraq War of 1980 through 1988, and throughout the Persian Gulf War of 1991. During these conflicts, Saddam suppressed several movements, particularly Shi'a and Kurdish movements seeking to overthrow the government or gain independence, respectively. Whereas some Arabs venerated him for his aggressive stance against foreign intervention and for his support for the Palestinians, other Arabs and Western leaders vilified him as the force behind both a deadly attack on northern Iraq in 1988 and, two years later, an invasion of Kuwait to the south.

By 2003, the administration of U.S. President George W. Bush and British Prime Minister Tony Blair claimed that Saddam maintained links to terrorist organizations, had weapons of mass destruction, and thus needed to be overthrown. In March of that year, the U.S. and its allies invaded Iraq, eventually deposing Saddam. Captured by U.S. forces on 13 December 2003, Saddam was brought to trial under the Iraqi interim government set up by U.S.-led forces. On 5 November 2006, he was convicted of charges related to the 1982 killing of 148 Iraqi Shi'ites convicted of planning an assassination attempt against him, and was sentenced to death by hanging. Saddam was executed on 30 December 2006. By the time of his death, Saddam had become a prolific author. Among his works are multiple novels dealing with themes of romance, politics, and war.

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Cleaning up mess left by Hussein - Lansdale Reporter Tweet this news
Lansdale Reporter--THE GULF WAR has been over for 19 years and -Saddam Hussein- has been out of power for seven years and dead for four. So it really was time that the United ... - Date : Wed, 29 Dec 2010 11:31:00 GMT+00:00
Cleaning up the last mess - Korea Times Tweet this news
Korea Times--The Gulf War has been over for 19 years and -Saddam Hussein- has been out of power for seven years and dead for four, so it really was time ... - Date : Mon, 27 Dec 2010 08:55:42 GMT+00:00
MIDDLE EAST: Iraqi refugees - interpreting the statistics - Tweet this news 2010 (IRIN) - Hundreds of thousands of Iraqis fled the country after sectarian violence broke out following the 2003 war which toppled -Saddam Hussein-. ... - Date : Tue, 28 Dec 2010 08:12:15 GMT+00:00
An Iraqi Government, Finally - New York Times Tweet this news
New York Times--The March elections were only the second since -Saddam Hussein's- ouster. Forming the government was a sordid and costly process. ... - Date : Wed, 29 Dec 2010 03:14:55 GMT+00:00
UK Group Weir Guilty Of UN Sanctions Breach - Sky News Tweet this news
Sky News--Scottish-based engineering group Weir has admitted it is guilty of breaking United Nations sanctions by giving Iraq kickbacks during -Saddam Hussein's- regime ... - Date : Mon, 13 Dec 2010 16:27:23 GMT+00:00
Morning Minutes for Monday, December 13 - Little Falls Evening Times Tweet this news
Little Falls Evening Times--842 million mph: The approximate speed that Santa has to travel if he's going to hit every house on his list. Dec. 13, 2003: -Saddam Hussein- is captured near ... - Date : Mon, 13 Dec 2010 09:22:19 GMT+00:00
On this date in 2003, Saddam Hussein was captured: Almanac - Tweet this news 2003, -Saddam Hussein- was captured by US forces while hiding in a hole under a farmhouse in Adwar, Iraq, near his hometown of Tikrit. ... - Date : Mon, 13 Dec 2010 05:11:14 GMT+00:00
This Day in History � December 13 - Jamaica Observer Tweet this news
Jamaica Observer--AP 2003: US forces capture former Iraqi President -Saddam Hussein- in a small underground hideout near the Iraqi city of Tikrit. Although Hussein was armed, ... - Date : Mon, 13 Dec 2010 08:00:50 GMT+00:00
Cutting space exploration costs - BCLocalNews Tweet this news
BCLocalNews--He was mysteriously assassinated in 1990 in Brussels, Belgium, while working to develop such a super-gun for -Saddam Hussein-. The reason for using a cannon ... - Date : Mon, 13 Dec 2010 13:08:52 GMT+00:00
North Korea is the face of Saddam Hussein still in power - Oregon Catalyst Tweet this news
Oregon Catalyst--For the United States, it was ten years ago dealing with a more belligerent dictator in -Saddam Hussein-. This was because Saddam had a history of overt ... - Date : Wed, 24 Nov 2010 02:43:16 GMT+00:00

Political offices
Preceded by
Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr
President of Iraq
1979 - 2003
Succeeded by
Jay Garner
{{nowrap|as Administrator of the Coalition
Provisional Authority of Iraq}}Succeeded by
Jay Garner
{{nowrap|as Administrator of the Coalition
Provisional Authority of Iraq}}
Prime Minister of Iraq
1979 - 1991
Succeeded by
Sa'dun Hammadi
Preceded by
Ahmad Husayn Khudayir as-Samarrai
Prime Minister of Iraq
1994 - 2003
Succeeded by
Mohammad Bahr al-Ulloum
as Acting President of the Governing Council of Iraq
Party political offices
Preceded by
Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr
Leader of the Ba'ath Party
1979 - 2003
Succeeded by
Izzat Ibrahim ad-Douri

IQ topics

SocietyIraqi people (Iraqi diaspora * Assyrian diaspora * Kurds * Assyrians * Chaldeans * Madan * Turkmen * Mandaeans) * Demographics * Languages (Arabic * Kurdish * Neo-Aramaic * Turkmen * Mandaic) * Religion (Islam * Christianity * Mandaeism * Judaism) * Education * Health * Sports * Music * Cuisine * Law
HistoryAncient Iraq (Sumer * Akkad * Babylonia * Assyria * Neo-Assyrian Empire * Neo-Babylonian Empire * Achaemenid Assyria * Seleucid Empire * Parthian Empire * Sassanid Empire * Asuristan) * Islamic conquest of Iraq * Abbasid Caliphate * Ottoman Iraq * British Mandate of Mesopotamia * Kingdom of Iraq * Republic of Iraq * Saddam Hussein * Iran �Iraq War * Invasion of Kuwait * Persian Gulf War * Sanctions * U.S. invasion of Iraq * Occupation of Iraq * Iraqi Resistance * Withdrawal of U.S. troops from Iraq
EconomyIraqi Dinar * Stock Exchange * Central Bank * Oil reserves * Media
InfrastructureCommunications * Transportation * Schools * Hospitals * Roads * Reconstruction
GovernmentConstitution * Legislative branch * Executive branch (President * Council of Ministers * Prime Minister) * Judiciary * Government since 2006 * Police * Security forces (Army * Navy * Air Force)
PoliticsPolitical parties * Minority politics * Elections * Foreign relations * Human rights * Foreign aid * War conflicts * Democracy * Flag
GeographyTigris * Euphrates * Fertile Crescent * Governorates * Districts * Notable Places * Syrian Desert * Zagros Mountains * Umm Qasr * Al-Faw Peninsula * Shatt al-Arab * Al-Jazira * Lake Tharthar * Lake Hammar

Saddam Hussein

BiographyHuman rights record * Relations with the United States * Relationship with Al-Qaeda (timeline) * Rumours of death * Alleged shredder * Capture * Interrogation * Trial * Execution
BooksZabibah and the King * The Fortified Castle * Men and the City * Begone, Demons
FamilyFather: Hussein 'Abid al-Majid * Mother: Subha Tulfah al-Mussallat * Wives: Sajida Talfah, * and Samira Shahbandar * Uncle and Father-in-Law: Khairallah Talfah * Sons: Uday, * Qusay, and * Ali * Daughters: Rana, * Raghad, * and Hala

Heads of state of post-Ottoman Iraq

Kingdom of Iraq (1921-1958)
(under British mandate, 1920-1932)
Kings of Iraq
Faisal I * Ghazi * Faisal II
Republic of Iraq (since 1958)
Presidents of Iraq
Muhammad Najib ar-Ruba'i � * Abdul Salam Arif � * Abd ar-Rahman al-Bazzaz* � * Abdul Rahman Arif � * Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr � * Saddam Hussein � * occupation * Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer * Jalal Talabani

Prime Ministers of Iraq (List)

British Mandate of Mesopotamia (1920-1932)al Gillani * as-Sa'dun � * al-Askari � * al-Hashimi � * Tawfiq al-Suwaidi * Naji al-Suwaidi * as-Said
Kingdom of Iraq (1932-1958)Shawkat * al-Gaylani * al-Midfai � * al-Aiyubi � * al-Hashimi � * Sulayman * as-Said � * H. Pachachi * Tawfiq al-Suwaidi * Arshad al-Umari * Jabr * as-Sadr * Muzahim al-Pachachi * Mustafa al-Umari * Mahmud � * al-Jamali * Arshad al-Umari * Mirjan * Baban
Republic of Iraq (1958-2003)Qasim � * al-Bakr � * Yahya � * ar-Razzaq � * al-Bazzaz � * Talib * Arif � * Yahya � * an-Naif � * Hussein � * Hammadi � * Zubeidi � * as-Samarrai * Hussein
Iraqi Governing Council (2003-2004)al-Ulloum* * al-Jaafari * Chalabi * Allawi * Talabani * al-Hakim * A. Pachachi * Hamid * al-Ulloum * Barzani * Salim * al-Yawer
Republic of Iraq (since 2004)Allawi* * al-Jaafari * al-Maliki

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