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General information
Common nameSpain
Local name 
Motto  (Latin)
"Further Beyond"
Anthem  (Spanish)
"Royal March"
Largest citycapital
Official languagesSpanish
Regional languagesBasque, Catalan/Valencian, Galician and Occitan
DemonymSpanish, Spaniard
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary democracy and Constitutional monarchy
KingJuan Carlos I
Prime MinisterJosé Luis Rodríguez Zapatero (PSOE)
LegislatureCortes Generales
Upper HouseSenate
Lower HouseCongress of Deputies
FormationFormation (16th century)
 Traditional date569 (ascension to the throne of Liuvigild)
 De facto1516
 De jure1715
 Nation state1812
 Constitutional democracy1978
EU accession1 January 1986|EUseats=54
Total Area195364 sq mi (505992.8 km2) (51st)
Water %1.04
Population Est.46030109 (27th)
Density (pop.)89.2/km2 (106th) (231/sq mi)
GDP PPP$1.395 trillion (2011)
GDP (PPP) per capita$29,830
GDP (nominal)$1.484 trillion (2011)
GDP (nominal) per capita$30,693
Other information
Gini32 (2005)
HDI(+) 0.863 (2010) (very high) (20th)
CurrencyEuro (-) (EUR)
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
- Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Date (Spanish; CE)
Drives on theright
Calling code34

     Home | Country | Spain

Spain (c-enaudio=en-us-Spain.oggˈspeɪn ; , -ese̞sˈpaɲapronEs-España, officially the Kingdom of Spain ( ), is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. Its mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar; to the north by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the northwest and west by the Atlantic Ocean and Portugal.

Spanish territory also includes the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean off the African coast, and two autonomous cities in North Africa, Ceuta and Melilla, that border Morocco. Furthermore, the town of Llívia is a Spanish exclave situated inside French territory. With an area of 504030 km2 (504030000000 m2), it is the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union after France, and the fourth largest country in Europe after Russia, Ukraine and France.

Because of its location, the territory of Spain was subject to many external influences since prehistoric times and through to its dawn as a country. Spain emerged as a unified country in the 15th century, following the marriage of the Catholic Monarchs and the completion of the reconquest, or Reconquista, of the Iberian peninsula in 1492. Conversely, it has been an important source of influence to other regions, chiefly during the modern era, when it became a global empire that has left a legacy of over 500 million Spanish speakers today, making it the world's second most spoken first language.

Spain is a democracy organised in the form of a parliamentary government under a constitutional monarchy. It is a developed country with the twelfth largest economy in the world by nominal GDP, and very high living standards (20th highest Human Development Index), including the tenth-highest quality of life index rating in the world, as of 2005. It is a member of the United Nations, European Union, NATO, OECD, and WTO.

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