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Indonesia

Indonesia
General information
Common nameIndonesia
Local nameRepublik Indonesia
NameRepublik Indonesia
MottoBhinneka Tunggal Ika (Old Javanese)
Unity in Diversity

National ideology: Pancasila 
Anthem

Indonesia Raya
"Great Indonesia"
CapitalJakarta
Largest citycapital
Official languagesIndonesian
DemonymIndonesian
Government
GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
PresidentSusilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Vice PresidentBoediono
LegislaturePeople's Consultative Assembly
Upper HouseRegional Representative Council
Lower HousePeople's Representative Council
IndependenceIndependence (following Dutch colonial rule and Japanese occupation)
Declared17 August 1945
Acknowledged27 December 1949
Geography
Total Area735355 sq mi (1904569.5 km2) (15th)
Water (%)4.85
Demography
Population census237,556,363 (2010)
Density (pop.)124.7/km2 (84th) (323.05/sq mi)
Economy
GDP PPP$1.029 trillion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$4,394
GDP (nominal)$706.735 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$3,015
Other information
Gini34.3 (2002)
HDI(+) 0.600 (2010) (medium) (108th)
CurrencyRupiah (IDR)
Time zonevarious (UTC+7 to +9)
- Summer (DST)not observed (UTC)
Drives on theLeft
Internet TLD.id
Calling code+62

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Indonesia (c-enaudio=En-us-Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia ( ), is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Indonesia comprises 13,466 islands and 33 provinces. With over 238 million people, it is the world's fourth most populous country. Indonesia is a republic, with an elected legislature and president. The nation's capital city is Jakarta. The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and Malaysia. Other neighboring countries include Singapore, Philippines, Australia, and the Indian territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Indonesia is a founding member of ASEAN and a member of the G-20 major economies. The Indonesian economy is the world's eighteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and fifteenth largest by purchasing power parity.

The Indonesian archipelago has become an important trade region since at least the 7th century, when Srivijaya and then later Majapahit traded with China and India. Local rulers gradually absorbed foreign cultural, religious and political models from the early centuries CE, and Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms flourished. Indonesian history has been influenced by foreign powers drawn to its natural resources. Muslim traders brought Islam, and European powers brought Christianity and fought one another to monopolize trade in the Spice Islands of Maluku during the Age of Discovery. Following three and a half centuries of Dutch colonialism, Indonesia secured its independence after World War II. Indonesia's history has since been turbulent, with challenges posed by natural disasters, corruption, separatism, a democratization process, and periods of rapid economic change.

Across its many islands, Indonesia consists of distinct ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups. The Javanese are the largest-and the politically dominant-ethnic group. Indonesia has developed a shared identity defined by a national language, ethnic diversity, religious pluralism within a majority Muslim population, and a history of colonialism including rebellion against it. Indonesia's national motto, "Bhinneka Tunggal Ika" ("Unity in Diversity" literally, "many, yet one"), articulates the diversity that shapes the country. Despite its large population and densely populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support the world's second highest level of biodiversity. The country is richly endowed with natural resources, yet poverty remains widespread in contemporary Indonesia.

Indonesia Video

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Westwood shoots six-under to take lead in Indonesia - Malaysia Star Tweet this news
Malaysia Star--2 Lee Westwood shot a brilliant six-under 66 yesterday to take the third round lead in the US$750000 -Indonesia- Masters golf tournament at the Royale Jakarta Golf Club. Despite bogeying the last hole, the Englishman still found himself enj - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 23:48:06 GMT+00:00
Global TV Cameraman Arrested in Good Friday Bomb Plot - Jakarta Globe Tweet this news
Jakarta Globe--Habibie who returned domestic security back to the hands of the National Police and putting back -Indonesia- into into the path of real constitutional democracy and law abiding society, and of course his action have ruffled many feathers in - Date : Sun, 24 Apr 2011 04:15:26 GMT+00:00
China, Indonesia experiencing closer relationship - Xinhua Tweet this news
Xinhua--JAKARTA, April 24 (Xinhua) -- China and -Indonesia- are witnessing a fast development in their relationship nowadays, as the governmental and civil communication between them are increasing, and the bilateral trade are rising in recent years. ... - Date : Sun, 24 Apr 2011 05:52:32 GMT+00:00
Tommy in Mix for Leadership of the National Republic Party - Jakarta Globe Tweet this news
Jakarta Globe--Recently at a gathering I listened with horror and at the same time some agreement that -Indonesia- would not be facing such radicalisation (and repeated political embarrassments) with a strong leader in charge... Tommy is quite simply on t - Date : Sun, 24 Apr 2011 05:55:38 GMT+00:00
Boat mission repatriates 2349 illegal Indonesian workers - Arab News Tweet this news
Arab News--“This was a unique boat mission under which the workers are being repatriated by a passenger ship that will reach -Indonesia- on May 3,” said Didi Wahyudi, a citizen protection officer at the Indonesian Consulate, Saturday night. ... - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 19:31:05 GMT+00:00
Justin Bieber Rocks Indonesia From Secret Location While Weeping Purple-Clad ... - Gather Celebs News Channel Tweet this news
Gather Celebs News Channel--Justin Bieber has already conquered -Indonesia- without singing a single note. Hordes of fans are already camped out outside the Sentul International Convention Center for this evening's sold out concert. Many of these die - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 11:53:45 GMT+00:00
Islamist militants wanted to film, broadcast church explosion in Indonesia - Indian Express Tweet this news
Indian Express--Indonesian police have claimed that Islamist militants involved in a plot to bomb a cathedral in the country before the Easter celebration had planned to film and broadcast the disaster. The Telegraph quoted police as saying that 19 suspec - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 10:25:21 GMT+00:00
Indonesia's Moratorium: an opportunity for forests and industry - Environmental Expert (press release) Tweet this news
Environmental Expert (press release)--A highly anticipated two-year moratorium on new forest conversion permits could bring fundamental improvements to forest and land management in -Indonesia-. In mid-2011, Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono i - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 15:15:35 GMT+00:00
Westwood applies pressure to Donald from a world away with Indonesia lead - ProGolfTalk Tweet this news
ProGolfTalk--AP Lee Westwood is doing his part on the business end of trying to regain the top spot in the Official World Golf Ranking. With one round to play, Westwood is five shots clear of the field in the Indonesian Masters on the Asian Tour. ... - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 13:44:33 GMT+00:00
World Bank Faults Itself for East Timor's Struggles - New York Times Tweet this news
New York Times--The draft report, not yet released publicly, assigns much of the blame for slow progress in East Timor, which emerged in 1999 after a quarter-century struggle for independence from -Indonesia-, to the World Bank itself. But it also illustr - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 17:17:49 GMT+00:00

List of Indonesia-related topics

HistoryTimeline * Pre-colonial Indonesia (pre-1602) * Dutch East Indies (1602 1945) * Post-independence (1945 1965) * New Order (1965 1998) * Reformation (1998 to date)
Geography and
natural history
Islands * Lakes * Mountains * Rivers * Volcanoes
National parks * Fauna * Flora
Government
and politics
Pancasila * Constitution * President (list) * Cabinet * People's Consultative Assembly * Foreign relations * Political parties * Elections * Military * Law * Law enforcement * Human rights * LGBT rights
CultureArchitecture * Art * Cinema * Cuisine * Dance * Education * Folklore * Indonesians * Literature * Media * Music * Public holidays * Sport
DemographicsAdministrative divisions (Provinces) * Cities * Ethnic groups * Health * Languages * Religion
EconomyCompanies * Communications * Science and technology * Stock Exchange * Tourism * Transport

Countries and other territories in Southeast Asia

Sovereign states
BN
Burma
KH
TL
ID
LA

MY
PH
SG
TH
VN
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Dependencies
CX
Cocos (Keeling) Islands

Divisions of sovereign states
IN Andaman and Nicobar Islands
China Hainan



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