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Ho Chi Minh

Portrait c. 1946
Personal data
Date of birth19 May 1890
Place of birthNghệ An Province, French Indochina
Date of death2 September 1969(age 79)
Place of deathHanoi, Democratic Republic of Vietnam
NationalityVietnam Vietnamese
Political partyWorkers’ Party of Vietnam
Chairman of the Workers' Party of Vietnam
In office19 February 1951 - 2 September 1969
Succeeded byPost abolished
Preceded byPosition established
First Secretary of the Workers' Party of Vietnam
In office1 November 1956 - 10 September 1960
Succeeded byLê Duẩn
Preceded byTrường Chinh
President of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam
In office2 September 1945 - 2 September 1969
Succeeded byTôn Đức Thắng
Preceded byPosition established
Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam
In office2 September 1945 - 20 September 1955
Succeeded byPhạm Văn Đồng
Preceded byPosition established

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Hồ Chí Minh (-vihô̤ tɕǐmɪŋ-HoChiMinh, born Nguyễn Sinh Cung and also known as Nguyễn Ái Quốc (19 May 1890 � 2 September 1969) was a Vietnamese Marxist-Leninist revolutionary leader who was prime minister (1945 � 1955) and president (1945 � 1969) of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam). He was a key figure in the formation of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945, as well as the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and the Vietcong during the Vietnam War until his death in 1969.

Hồ led the Việt Minh independence movement from 1941 onward, establishing the communist-governed Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945 and defeating the French Union in 1954 at Điện Biên Phủ. He lost political power in 1955-when he was replaced as prime minister-but remained the highly visible figurehead of North Vietnam-through the presidency-until his death. The capital of South Vietnam, Saigon, after the Fall of Saigon, was renamed Ho Chi Minh City in his honor.

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