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Lyndon B. Johnson

Personal data
Date of birthAugust 27, 1908
Place of birthStonewall, Texas, U.S.
Date of deathJanuary 22, 1973(age 64)
Place of deathStonewall, Texas, U.S.
Birth nameLyndon Baines Johnson
Political partyDemocratic Party
SpouseLady Bird Taylor
Alma materSouthwest Texas State Teachers College
ReligionDisciples of Christ
Military service
AllegianceUnited States
Service/branchUnited States Navy
Years of service1941 � 1942
RankLieutenant commander
Battles/warsWorld War II
 Salamaua-Lae campaign
AwardsSilver Star
Presidential Medal of Freedom (Posthumous; 1980)
36th President of the United States
In officeNovember 22, 1963 - January 20, 1969
PresidentHubert Humphrey
Vice PresidentHubert Humphrey
Succeeded byRichard Nixon
Preceded byJohn Kennedy
37th Vice President of the United States
In officeJanuary 20, 1961 - November 22, 1963
PresidentJohn Kennedy
Succeeded byHubert Humphrey
Preceded byRichard Nixon
Senate Majority Leader
In officeJanuary 3, 1955 - January 3, 1961
DeputyEarle Clements
Mike Mansfield
Succeeded byMike Mansfield
Preceded byWilliam F. Knowland
Senate Minority Leader
In officeJanuary 3, 1953 - January 3, 1955
DeputyEarle Clements
Succeeded byWilliam Knowland
Preceded byStyles Bridges
Senate Majority Whip
In officeJanuary 3, 1951 - January 3, 1953
LeaderErnest McFarland
Succeeded byLeverett Saltonstall
Preceded byFrancis Myers
In officeJanuary 3, 1949 - January 3, 1961
Succeeded byWilliam Blakley
Preceded byLee O'Daniel
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas's 10th district
In officeApril 10, 1937 - January 3, 1949
Succeeded byHomer Thornberry
Preceded byJames Buchanan

     Home | Office Holder | Lyndon B Johnson

Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908 - January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was the 36th President of the United States (1963 � 1969) after his service as the 37th Vice President of the United States (1961 � 1963). He is one of only four people who served in all four elected federal offices of the United States: Representative, Senator, Vice President and President.

Johnson, a Democrat, served as a United States Representative from Texas, from 1937 � 1949 and as United States Senator from 1949 � 1961, including six years as United States Senate Majority Leader, two as Senate Minority Leader and two as Senate Majority Whip. After campaigning unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination in 1960, Johnson was asked by John F. Kennedy to be his running mate for the 1960 presidential election.

Johnson succeeded to the presidency following the assassination of John F. Kennedy, completed Kennedy's term and was elected President in his own right, winning by a large margin in the 1964 Presidential election. Johnson was greatly supported by the Democratic Party and, as President, was responsible for designing the "Great Society" legislation that included laws that upheld civil rights, Public Broadcasting, Medicare, Medicaid, environmental protection, aid to education, and his "War on Poverty." He was renowned for his domineering personality and the "Johnson treatment," his coercion of powerful politicians in order to advance legislation.

Simultaneously, he greatly escalated direct American involvement in the Vietnam War. As the war dragged on, Johnson's popularity as President steadily declined. After the 1966 mid-term Congressional elections, his re-election bid in the 1968 United States presidential election collapsed as a result of turmoil within the Democratic Party related to opposition to the Vietnam War. He withdrew from the race amid growing opposition to his policy on the Vietnam War and a worse-than-expected showing in the New Hampshire primary.

Despite the failures of his foreign policy, Johnson is ranked favorably by some historians because of his domestic policies.

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