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General information
Common nameThe Philippines
Local nameRepublika ng Pilipinas
NameRepublika ng Pilipinas
MottoMaka-Diyos, Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan, at Makabansa
("For God, People, Nature, and Country")

Lupang Hinirang
Largest cityQuezon City
Official languagesFilipino (based on Tagalog)
Regional languagesBikol, Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Ilokano, Pampango, Pangasinense, Tagalog, Waray
Optional languages Spanish and Arabic
National languageFilipino
GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
PresidentBenigno Aquino III (LP)
Vice PresidentJejomar Binay (PDP-Laban)
Senate PresidentJuan Ponce Enrile (PMP)
House SpeakerFeliciano Belmonte, Jr. (LP)
Supreme Court Chief JusticeRenato Corona
Upper HouseSenate
Lower HouseHouse of Representatives
IndependenceIndependence (from Spain 
from United States)
EstablishedApril 27, 1565
DeclaredJune 12, 1898
Self-governmentMarch 24, 1934
RecognizedJuly 4, 1946
Current constitutionFebruary 2, 1987
Total Area115831 sq mi (300002.3 km2) (72nd)
Water %0.61% (inland waters)
Population Est.94013200 (12th)
Population census88,574,614 (2007)
Density (pop.)306.5/km2 (43rd) (794.1/sq mi)
GDP PPP$351.370 billion (2010) (33rd)
GDP (PPP) per capita$3,737
GDP (nominal)$188.719 billion (2010) (46th)
GDP (nominal) per capita$2,007
Other information
Gini45.8 (2006) (medium)
HDI(+) 0.638 (2010) (medium) (97th)
CurrencyPeso (Filipino:  )
₱ (PHP)
Time zonePST (UTC+8)
- Summer (DST)not observed (UTC+8)
Drives on theright
Calling code+63

     Home | Country | Philippines

The Philippines c-enaudio=En-us-Philippines.oggˈfɪlɨpiːnz ( -tlˌpɪlɪˈpinɐs), officially known as the Republic of the Philippines ( ), is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam. The Sulu Sea to the southwest lies between the country and the island of Borneo, and to the south the Celebes Sea separates it from other islands of Indonesia. It is bounded on the east by the Philippine Sea. Its location on the Pacific Ring of Fire and its tropical climate make the Philippines prone to earthquakes and typhoons but have also endowed the country with natural resources and made it one of the richest areas of biodiversity in the world. An archipelago comprising 7,107 islands, the Philippines is categorized broadly into three main geographical divisions: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. Its capital city is Manila.

With an estimated population of about 94 million people, the Philippines is the world's 12th most populous country. An additional 11 million Filipinos live overseas. Multiple ethnicities and cultures are found throughout the islands. In prehistoric times, Negritos were some of the archipelago's earliest inhabitants. They were followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples who brought with them influences from Malay, Hindu, and Islamic societies. Trade introduced Chinese cultural influences which remain to this day.

The arrival of Ferdinand Magellan in 1521 marked the beginning of an era of Spanish interest and eventual dominance. Manila became the Asian hub of the Manila Acapulco galleon fleet. Christianity was widely adopted. As the 19th century gave way to the 20th, there followed in quick succession the Philippine Revolution which spawned the short-lived First Philippine Republic, the Spanish-American War, and the Philippine American War. In the aftermath, the United States emerged as the dominant power. Aside from the period of Japanese occupation, the United States retained sovereignty over the islands until the end of World War II when the Philippines gained independence. The United States bequeathed to the Philippines the English language and a stronger affinity for Western culture. Since independence the Philippines has had an often tumultuous experience with democracy, with popular "People Power" movements overthrowing a dictatorship in one instance but also underlining the institutional weaknesses of its constitutional republic in others.

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