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General information
Common nameAngola
Local name República de Angola  (Portuguese)
Repubilika ya Ngola  (Kikongo, Kimbundu, Umbundu)
Name República de Angola  (Portuguese)
Repubilika ya Ngola  (Kikongo, Kimbundu, Umbundu)
AnthemAngola Avante! (Portuguese)
Forward Angola!
Largest citycapital
Official languagesPortuguese
Ethnic groupsOvimbundu, Ambundu, Bakongo, Lunda-Chokwe, Nyaneka-Nkhumbi, Ovambo, Ganguela, Xindonga, Herero, Khoisan
GovernmentUnitary presidential republic
PresidentJosé Eduardo dos Santos
Vice PresidentFernando da Piedade Dias dos Santos
from PortugalNovember 11, 1975
Total Area481354 sq mi (1246706.9 km2) (23rd)
Water %negligible
Population Est.18,498,000
Population census(scheduled for 2012)
Density (pop.)14.8/km2 (199th) (38.4/sq mi)
GDP PPP$109.533 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$5,748
GDP (nominal)$82.471 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$4,328
Other information
Gini59 (2000) (high)
HDI(+)0.403 (2010) (low) (146th)
CurrencyKwanza (AOA)
Time zoneWAT (UTC+1)
- Summer (DST)not observed (UTC+1)
Drives on theright
Calling code+244

     Home | Country | Angola

Angola, officially the Republic of Angola ( , -ptʁɨˈpublikɐ dɨ ɐ̃ˈɡɔlapron; Kikongo, Kimbundu, Umbundu: Repubilika ya Ngola), is a country in south-central Africa bordered by Namibia on the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the north, and Zambia on the east; its west coast is on the Atlantic Ocean with Luanda as its capital city. The exclave province of Cabinda has borders with the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

The Portuguese were present in some-mostly coastal-points of the territory of what is now Angola, from the 16th to the 19th century, interacting in diverse ways with the peoples that lived there. In the 19th century they slowly and hesitantly began to establish themselves in the interior. Angola as a Portuguese colony was not established before the end of the 19th century, and "effective occupation", as required by the Berlin Conference (1884) was achieved in the 1920s as with most African colonies. After independence, Angola was the scene of an intense civil war from 1975 to 2002. The country has vast mineral and petroleum reserves; however, its life expectancy and infant mortality rates are both among the worst-ranked in the world.

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