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Portsmouth

Portsmouth
Administration
Full namePortsmouth
Official nameCity of Portsmouth
Settlement typeCity and Unitary Authority Area
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionSouth East England
Ceremonial countyHampshire
Admin HQPortsmouth City Centre
Government
TypeUnitary authority, City
Governing bodyPortsmouth City Council
LeadershipLeader & Cabinet
Geography
Total Area15.5 sq mi (40.25 km2)
Demography
Total Population  (Ranked   79th) ( )
Urban (pop.)442252
Metro (pop.)1547000
Ethnicity
(United Kingdom Census 2006 Estimate)
91.4% White
3.6% S.Asian
1.2% Black
1.3% Mixed
2.5% Chinese and other
Other information
Time zoneGMT (UTC0)
- Summer (DST)BST (UTC+1)

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Portsmouth (c-enlocalaudio=en-uk-Portsmouth is the second largest city in the ceremonial county of Hampshire on the south coast of England. Portsmouth is notable for being the United Kingdom's only island city; it is located mainly on Portsea Island. It is situated 64 mi (103 km) south west from London and 19 mi (30.6 km) south east from Southampton.

As a significant naval port for centuries, Portsmouth is home to the world's oldest dry dock still in use and also home to some famous ships, including the HMS Warrior and Lord Nelson's flagship, HMS Victory. Although smaller than in its heyday, the naval base remains a major dockyard and base for the Royal Navy and Royal Marine Commandos whose Headquarters resides there. There is also a thriving commercial ferryport serving destinations on the continent for freight and passenger traffic. The City of Portsmouth and Portsmouth Football Club are both nicknamed Pompey.

The Spinnaker Tower is a striking recent addition to the city's skyline. It can be found in the redeveloped former HMS Vernon, an area of retail outlets, restaurants, clubs and bars now known as Gunwharf Quays.

The City of Portsmouth has a population of 197,700 and is the only city in England with a greater population density (4639 /km2 (7465.7 /sqmi)) than London (4562 /km2 (7341.8 /sqmi)). The Portsmouth Urban Area includes Fareham, Portchester, Gosport, Havant and is the 14th largest urban area in the United Kingdom with an estimated 442,252 residents. Portsmouth combines with Southampton to form a single metropolitan area stretching from Salisbury to Bognor Regis. With a population of 1,547,000 this is the United Kingdom's eighth most populous metropolitan area.


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