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Full nameYork
Official nameYork
Settlement typeUnitary Authority and City
Motto'Let the Banner of York Fly High'
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionYorkshire and the Humber
Ceremonial countyNorth Yorkshire
Admin HQYork City Centre
Foundedas Eboracum c. 71 AD
TypeUnitary Authority, City
Governing bodyCity of York Council
Leadership:Leader and Executive
MPs:Hugh Bayley (L)
Julian Sturdy (C)
Total Area105 sq mi (271.94 km2)
Total Population  (Ranked  ) ( )
Density (pop.)687/km2 (1779.3/sq mi)
(2005 Estimates)
95.6% Any White
3.0% Any Asian
0.9% Mixed
0.5% Any Black
Other information
Time zoneGreenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)
- Summer (DST)British Summer Time (UTC+1)
Area code01904
ISO 3166-2GB-YOR
ONS code00FF
OS grid referenceSE603517

     Home | City | York

York (c-enlocalaudio=en-uk-York is a walled city, situated at the confluence of the Rivers Ouse and Foss in North Yorkshire, England. The city has a rich heritage and has provided the backdrop to major political events throughout much of its two millennia of existence. The city offers a wealth of historic attractions, of which York Minster is the most prominent, and a variety of cultural and sporting activities.

The city was founded by the Romans in 71 AD, under the name of Eboracum. It became in turn the capital of the Roman province of Britannia Inferior, and of the kingdoms of Northumbria and Jorvik. In the Middle Ages, York grew as a major wool trading centre and became the capital of the northern ecclesiastical province of the Church of England, a role it has retained.

In the 19th century York became a hub of the railway network and a manufacturing centre. In recent decades, the economy of York has moved from being dominated by its confectionery and railway-related industries to one that provides services. The University of York and health services have become major employers, whilst tourism has become an important element of the local economy.

From 1996, the term City of York describes a unitary authority area which includes rural areas beyond the old city boundaries. In 2001 the urban area had a population of 137,505, while in 2007 the entire unitary authority had an estimated population of 193,300.

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