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City of Sunderland

City of Sunderland
Full nameSunderland
Official nameCity of Sunderland
Settlement typeCity and metropolitan borough
CountryUnited Kingdom
CountyTyne and Wear
Established1 April 1974
Admin HQSunderland
TypeLeader and Cabinet
MPsBridget Phillipson
Sharon Hodgson
Julie Elliott
Land Area53.1 sq mi (137.5 km2)
Total Population280807 (2001)
Density (pop.)2042.2/km2 (5290.8/sq mi)
Pop. Estimate280300( 2007)
Other information
Time zoneGreenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)
- Summer (DST)British Summer Time (UTC+1)

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The City of Sunderland c-eniconˈsʌndɚlənd is a local government district of Tyne and Wear, in North East England, with the status of a city and metropolitan borough. It is named after its largest settlement, Sunderland, but covers a far larger area which includes the towns of Hetton-le-Hole, Houghton-le-Spring, Washington, and a range of suburban villages.

The district was formed in 1974 as the Metropolitan Borough of Sunderland as part of the provisions of the Local Government Act 1972 and is an amalgamation of four former local government districts of County Durham. It was granted city status in 1992, the 40th anniversary of the Queen Elizabeth II's accession. The city had a population of 280,807 at the time of the 2001 census, with the majority of the population (177,739) residing in Sunderland.

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