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Full nameBorough of Crawley
Official nameBorough of Crawley
Settlement typeBorough
Motto"I Grow and I Rejoice"
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionSouth East England
Ceremonial countyWest Sussex
Admin HQCrawley
Founded5th century
Borough status1974
Governing bodyCrawley Borough Council
MP:Henry Smith (C)
Total Area17.4 sq mi (44.96 km2)
Total Population  (Ranked  ) ( )
Density (pop.)2221/km2 (5752.4/sq mi)
(United Kingdom2006 estimate)
84.7% White
9.8% S.Asian
2.4% Black British
1.1% Chinese or other
2.0% Mixed Race
Other information
Time zoneGreenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)
PostcodeRH6 and RH10-11
Area code01293
ISO 3166-2GB-WSX (West Sussex)
ONS code45UE
OS grid reference 

     Home | City | Crawley

Crawley ( ) is a town and local government district with Borough status in West Sussex, England. It is 28 mi (45.1 km) south of Charing Cross, 18 mi (29 km) north of Brighton and Hove, and 32 mi (51.5 km) northeast of the county town of Chichester, covers an area of 17.36 sqmi (45 km2) and had a population of 99,744 at the time of the 2001 Census.

The area has been inhabited since the Stone Age, and was a centre of ironworking in Roman times. Crawley developed slowly as a market town from the 13th century, serving the surrounding villages in the Weald; its location on the main road from London to Brighton brought a passing trade, encouraging the development of coaching inns. It was connected to the railway network in the 1840s. Crawley has grown in size during the second half of the 20th century, being one of the many towns in the South East used as London overspill with several families being relocated from London to Crawley.

Gatwick Airport, now one of Britain's busiest international airports, opened on the edge of the town in the 1940s, encouraging commercial and industrial growth. After the Second World War, the British Government planned to move large numbers of people and jobs out of London and into new towns around South East England. The New Towns Act 1946 designated Crawley as the site of one of these. A master plan was developed for the establishment of new residential, commercial, industrial and civic areas, and rapid development greatly increased the size and population of the town in a few decades.

The town comprises 13 residential neighbourhoods based around the core of the old market town, and separated by main roads and railway lines. The nearby communities of Ifield, Pound Hill and Three Bridges were absorbed into the new town at different stages of its development. As of 2009, expansion is planned in the west and northwest of the town, in co-operation with Horsham District Council. Economically, the town has developed into the main centre of industry and employment between London and the south coast of England. A large industrial area supports industries and services, many of which are connected with the airport, and the commercial and retail sectors continue to expand.

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