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Plymouth

Plymouth
Administration
Full namePlymouth
Official nameCity of Plymouth
Settlement typeCity
MottoTurris fortissima est nomen Jehova
"The name of Jehova is the strongest tower"
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionSouth West England
Ceremonial countyDevon
City status1928
Unitary Authority1998
Government
TypeCity Council
AdministrationConservative
Lord MayorMary Aspinall
HQCivic Centre Precinct
Wards20
UK ParliamentMoor View
Sutton and Devonport
South West Devon
European ParliamentSouth West England
Geography
Total Area30.6 sq mi (79.29 km2)
Highest Elevation508.5 ft (155 m)
Lowest Elevation0 ft (0 m)
Demography
Total Population256700 (2009 est.)
Density (pop.)3188.7/km2 (8261/sq mi)
DemonymsPlymothian (formal)
Janner (informal)
Ethnicity (2001)98.35% White
0.10% Other Asian

96.53% White British
0.56% White Irish
1.26% Other White

0.30% Asian
0.11% Indian
0.03% Pakistani
0.06% Bangladeshi
0.10% Other Asian

0.19% Black
0.07% Black Caribbean
0.10% Black African
0.02% Other Black

0.64% Mixed
0.17% White & Black Caribbean
0.10% White & Black African
0.21% White & South Asian
0.16% White & Other

0.49% East Asian and Other
0.28% Chinese
0.21% Other
Other information
Time zoneGMT (UTC0)
- Summer (DST)BST (UTC+1)
Postcode districtPL1 9

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Plymouth c-enaudio=En-uk-Plymouth.oggˈplɪməθ is a city and unitary authority area on the coast of Devon, England, about 190 mi (305.8 km) south-west of London. It is built between the mouths of the rivers Plym to the east and Tamar to the west, where they join Plymouth Sound. Since 1967 the City of Plymouth has included the suburbs of Plympton and Plymstock, which are on the east side of the River Plym.

Plymouth's history goes back to the Bronze Age, when its first settlement grew at Mount Batten. This settlement continued to grow as a trading post for the Roman Empire, until the more prosperous village of Sutton, the current Plymouth, surpassed it. In 1620 the Pilgrim Fathers left Plymouth for the New World and established Plymouth Colony the second English settlement in what is now the United States of America. During the English Civil War the town was held by the Parliamentarians and was besieged between 1642 and 1646.

Throughout the Industrial Revolution Plymouth grew as a major shipping port, handling imports and passengers from the Americas, while the neighbouring town of Devonport grew as an important Royal Naval shipbuilding and dockyard town. The county boroughs of Plymouth and Devonport, and the urban district of East Stonehouse were merged in 1914 to form the single county borough of Plymouth collectively referred to as The Three Towns. The city's naval importance later led to its targeting and partial destruction during World War II, an act known as the Plymouth Blitz. After the war the city centre was completely rebuilt.

Today the city is home to around 250,000 people, making it the 16th most populous city in England. It is governed locally by Plymouth City Council and is represented nationally by three MPs. Plymouth's economy is still strongly influenced by shipbuilding, but has become a more service-based economy since the 1990s. It has the 9th largest university in the United Kingdom by number of students, the University of Plymouth, and the largest operational naval base in Western Europe HMNB Devonport. Plymouth has ferry links to France and Spain and an airport with European services.


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