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Southampton

Southampton
Administration
Full nameSouthampton
Official nameSouthampton
Settlement typeUnitary & City
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionSouth East England
Ceremonial countyHampshire
Admin HQSouthampton
Settledc. AD43
City Status1964
Unitary Authority1997
Government
TypeUnitary authority, City
Governing bodySouthampton City Council
LeadershipLeader & Cabinet
Executive 
MPsJohn Denham (L)
Alan Whitehead (L)
Caroline Nokes (C)
Geography
Total Area19.9 sq mi (51.47 km2)
Demography
Total Population234,100(Ranked 57) (2007 est)
Density (pop.)4454/km2 (11535.9/sq mi)
Urban (pop.)304,400 (Southampton Urban Area)
Metro (pop.)1000000
County1,691,001 (Hampshire)
Ethnicity
(United Kingdom 2005 Estimate)
80.5% White
9.5% S. Asian
4% Black.
3% Chinese or other
3% Mixed Race
Other information
Time zoneGreenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)
- Summer (DST)British Summer Time (UTC+1)
Postcode spanSO14-SO19
Area code023
Grid Ref. 
ONS code00MS

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Southampton c-enaudio=en-uk-Southampton.oggsaʊθˈhæmptən is the largest city in the county of Hampshire on the south coast of England, and is situated 120 km (74.6 mi) south-west of London and 30 km (18.6 mi) north-west of Portsmouth. Southampton is a major port and the closest city to the New Forest. It lies at the northernmost point of Southampton Water at the confluence of the River Test and River Itchen, with the River Hamble joining to the south of the urban area. The local authority is Southampton City Council, which is a unitary authority.Significant employers in Southampton include the University of Southampton, Southampton Airport, the Ford Transit factory, Ordnance Survey, the BBC through Radio Solent and South Today, the NHS and one of the largest commercial ports in Europe. The city represents the core of the Greater Southampton region, and the city itself has an estimated population of 234,600 (MYE 2008). Southampton combines with Portsmouth to form a single metropolitan area stretching from Salisbury to Bognor Regis. With a population of 1,547,000 this is the United Kingdom's eighth most populous metropolitan area. The city's name is sometimes abbreviated in writing to "So'ton" or "Soton", and a resident of Southampton is called a Sotonian. Southampton is noted for its association with the , the Spitfire and more recently a number of the largest cruise ships in the world.


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