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Full namePeterborough
Settlement typeCity and unitary authority
MottoUpon this rock
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionEast of England
Ceremonial countyCambridgeshire
Admin HQPeterborough
City status1541
TypeNon-metropolitan district
Governing bodyPeterborough City Council
LeadershipLeader and Cabinet
MPsStewart Jackson (Con)
Shailesh Vara (Con)
Total Area132.5 sq mi (343.38 km2)
Total Population  (Ranked 104th) ( )
Density (pop.) /km2 (0/sq mi)
Ethnicity86.8% White
8.2% Asian or Asian British
2.1% Black or Black British
1.1% Chinese or Other
1.8% Mixed Race
Other information
Time zoneGMT (UTC0)
Postcode areaPE
Area code01733
ISO 3166-2GB-PTE
ONS code00JA
OS grid reference 

     Home | City | Peterborough

Peterborough (c-eniconˈpiːtɚbrə or c-enaudio=en-uk-Peterborough is a cathedral city and unitary authority area in the East of England, with an estimated population of in June 2007. For ceremonial purposes it is in the county of Cambridgeshire. Situated 75 mi (120.7 km) north of London, the city stands on the River Nene which flows into the North Sea approximately 30 mi (48.3 km) to the north-east. The railway station is an important stop on the East Coast Main Line.

The local topography is flat and low-lying, and in some places lies below sea level. The area known as the Fens is to the east of Peterborough. The City of Peterborough includes the outlying military installation of RAF Wittering, and as a unitary authority it borders Northamptonshire and Rutland to the west, Lincolnshire to the north, and Cambridgeshire to the south and east.

Human settlement in the area dates back to before the Bronze Age, as can be seen at the Flag Fen archaeological site to the east of the current city centre. This site also shows evidence of Roman occupation. The Anglo-Saxon period saw the establishment of a monastery, then known as Medeshamstede, which later became Peterborough Cathedral. The population grew rapidly following the arrival of the railways in the 19th century, and Peterborough became an industrial centre, particularly noted for its brick manufacture.

Following the Second World War, growth was limited until designation as a New Town in the 1960s. The population is once again undergoing rapid expansion and a £1 billion regeneration of the city centre and immediately surrounding area is under way. In common with much of the United Kingdom, industrial employment has fallen, with new jobs tending to be in financial services and distribution.

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