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Full nameBristol
Official nameBristol
Settlement typeUnitary, City, Ceremonial county
Motto"Virtute et Industria" "Virtue and Industry"
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionSouth West England
Ceremonial countyBristol
(County corporate)
Admin HQBristol
Royal Charter1155
County status1373
TypeUnitary authority, City
Governing bodyBristol City Council
LeadershipLeader & Cabinet
MPsChris Skidmore (C)
Kerry McCarthy (L)
Charlotte Leslie (C)
Dawn Primarolo (L) Stephen Williams (LD)
Total Area42.5 sq mi (110 km2)
Elevation36 ft (11 m)
Total Population  (Ranked 7th amongst English Districts /   amongst Ceremonial Counties) ( )
Density (pop.)3639/km2 (9425/sq mi)
Urban (pop.)587,400 (2006 ONS estimate)
Metro (pop.)1,006,600 (LUZ2009)
Ethnicity86.5% White (80.6% White British)
5.2% S. Asian
3.4% Black
2.4% Mixed Race
2.6% E. Asian or Other
Other information
Time zoneGMT (UTC0)
Area code0117
ISO 3166 codeGB-BST
ONS code00HB
OS grid reference 

     Home | City | Bristol

Bristol c-enaudio=en-uk-Bristol.oggˈbrɪstəl is a city, unitary authority area and ceremonial county in South West England, with an estimated population of 433,100 for the unitary authority in 2009, and a surrounding Larger Urban Zone (LUZ) with an estimated 1,070,000 residents in 2007. It is England's sixth and the United Kingdom's eighth most populous city, one of the group of English Core Cities and the most populous city in South West England.

Bristol received a Royal Charter in 1155 and was granted County status in 1373. From the 13th century, for half a millennium, it ranked amongst the top three English cities after London, alongside York and Norwich, on the basis of tax receipts, until the rapid rise of Liverpool, Birmingham and Manchester during the Industrial Revolution in the latter part of the 18th century. It borders the counties of Somerset and Gloucestershire, and is also located near the historic cities of Bath to the south east and Gloucester to the north. The city is built around the River Avon, and it also has a short coastline on the Severn Estuary, which flows into the Bristol Channel.

Bristol is the largest centre of culture, employment and education in the region. Its prosperity has been linked with the sea since its earliest days. The commercial Port of Bristol was originally in the city centre before being moved to the Severn Estuary at Avonmouth; Royal Portbury Dock is on the western edge of the city boundary. In more recent years the economy has depended on the creative media, electronics and aerospace industries, and the city centre docks have been regenerated as a centre of heritage and culture. There are 34 other populated places on Earth named Bristol, most in the United States, but also in Peru, Canada, Jamaica, Barbados, and Costa Rica, all presumably commemorating the original.

People from Bristol are termed Bristolians.

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