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Hebei

Hebei
ChineseName 
PinyinHéběi Shěng
EnglishNameHebei Province
NameHebei
Abbreviation 
AbbrevPinyin
ISOAbbrev13
MapSize275px
OriginOfName  hé-"(Yellow) River"
  běi-"north"
"north of the Yellow River"
AdministrationTypeProvince
CapitalShijiazhuang
LargestCityShijiazhuang
SecretaryZhang Yunchuan ( )
GovernorChen Quanguo ( )
Area Km2187700
AreaRank12th
Latitude36° 01' to 42° 37' N
Longitude113° 31' to 119° 53' E
PopYear2010
Pop71,854,202
PopRank6th
PopDensity Km2372
PopDensityRank11th
GDPYear2010
GDP2.01 trillion (US$303 billion)
GDPRank6th
GDPperCapita24,428
GDPperCapitaRank12th
HDIYear2008
HDI0.810
HDIRank10th
HDICathigh
NationalitiesHan: 96%
Manchu: 3%
Hui: 0.8%
Mongol: 0.3%
Prefectures11
Counties172
Townships2207
Websitewww.hebei.gov.cn
(Simplified Chinese)
english.hebei.gov.cn (English)

     Home | State | Hebei



( ; Postal map spelling: Hopeh) is a province of the People's Republic of China in the North China region. Its one-character abbreviation is " " (jì), named after Ji Province, a Han Dynasty province (zhou) that included what is now southern Hebei. The name Hebei means "north of the river", referring to its location completely above the Yellow River.

In 1928, Hebei was formed after the central government dissolved the province of Chih-li (直隸), which means "Directly Ruled (by the Imperial Court)".

Beijing and Tianjin Municipalities, which border each other, were carved out of Hebei. The province borders Liaoning to the northeast, Inner Mongolia to the north, Shanxi to the west, Henan to the south, and Shandong to the southeast. Bohai Bay of the Yellow Sea is to the east. A small part of Hebei, an exclave disjointed from the rest of the province, is wedged between the municipalities of Beijing and Tianjin.

A common alternate name for Hebei is Yānzhào ( ), after the state of Yan and state of Zhao that existed here during the Warring States Period of early Chinese history.


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