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Shandong

Shandong
ChineseName山东省
PinyinShāndōng Shěng
EnglishNameShandong Province
NameShandong
Abbreviation
AbbrevPinyin
ISOAbbrev37
MapSize275px
OriginOfName山 shān - mountain
东 dōng - east
"east of the Taihang Mountains"
AdministrationTypeProvince
CapitalJinan
LargestCityQingdao
SecretaryJiang Yikang 姜异康
GovernorJiang Daming 姜大明
Area Km2157168
AreaRank20th
Latitude34° 23' to 38° 24' N
Longitude122° 42' to 113° 48' E
PopYear2010 Census, provisional
Pop95,793,065
PopRank2nd
PopDensity Km2609.5
PopDensityRank5th
GDPYear2010
GDP3.94 trillion (US$596 billion)
GDPRank3rd
GDPperCapita35,893
GDPperCapitaRank8th
HDIYear2008
HDI0.828
HDIRank8th
HDICathigh
NationalitiesHan - 99.3%
Hui - 0.6%
Prefectures17
Counties140
Townships1941
Websitehttp://www.sd.gov.cn
(Simplified Chinese)

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( ) is a Province located on the eastern coast of the People's Republic of China. Shandong has played a major role in Chinese history from the beginning of Chinese civilization along the lower reaches of the Yellow River and served as a pivotal cultural and religious site for Taoism, Chinese Buddhism, and Confucianism. Shandong's Mount Tai is the most revered mountain of Taoism and one of the world's sites with the longest history of continuous religious worship. The Buddhist temples in the mountains to the south of the provincial capital of Jinan were once among the foremost Buddhist sites in China. The city of Qufu is the birthplace of Confucius, and was later established as the center of Confucianism. Shandong's location at the intersection of ancient as well as modern north-south and east-west trading routes have helped to establish it as an economic center. After a period of political instability and economic hardship that began in the late 19th century, Shandong has emerged as one of the most populous (95,793,065 inhabitants at the 2010 Census) and most affluent provinces in the People's Republic of China (GDP of 3.94 trillion CNY in 2010).


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