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Heilongjiang

Heilongjiang
ChineseName黑龙江省
PinyinHēilóngjiāng Shěng
EnglishNameHeilongjiang Province
NameHeilongjiang
Abbreviation
AbbrevPinyinHēi
ISOAbbrev23
MapSize275px
MapLabelHeilongjiang is highlighted on this map.
OriginOfName黑 hēi-black
龙 lóng-dragon
江 jiāng-river
"Amur River"
AdministrationTypeProvince
CapitalHarbin
LargestCityHarbin
SecretaryJi Bingxuan (吉炳轩)
GovernorWang Xiankui (王宪魁) (acting)
Area Km2460000
AreaRank6th
Latitude43° 25' to 53° 33' N
Longitude122° 23' to 134° 46' E
PopYear2010
Pop38,312,224
PopRank15th
PopDensity Km280
PopDensityRank28th
GDPYear2010
GDP1.02 trillion (US$151.2 billion)
GDPRank16th
GDPperCapita21,640
GDPperCapitaRank15th
HDIYear2008
HDI0.808
HDIRank11th
HDICathigh
NationalitiesHan: 95%
Manchu: 3%
Korean: 1%
Mongol: 0.4%
Hui: 0.3%
Prefectures13
Counties1
Townships1284
Websitewww.hlj.gov.cn
(Simplified Chinese)

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For the river known in Mandarin as Heilong Jiang, see Amur River

( ; Postal map spelling: Heilungkiang) is a province of the People's Republic of China located in the northeastern part of the country. "Heilongjiang" literally means Black Dragon River, which is the Chinese name for the Amur. The one-character abbreviation is 黑 (pinyin: Hēi). The Manchu name of the region is Sahaliyan ula (literally, "Black River"), from which the name of Sakhalin is derived, and the Mongolian name accordingly is Qaramörin.

Heilongjiang borders Jilin in the south and Inner Mongolia to the west; it also borders Russia to the north and east.

The Amur River marks the border between the People's Republic of China and Russia to the north. Heilongjiang contains China's northernmost point (in Mohe County along the Amur) and easternmost point (at the junction of the Amur and Ussuri Rivers).


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