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Hong Kong

Hong Kong
General information
Common nameHong Kong
Local name中華人民共和國香港特別行政區
NameHong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China 
AnthemMarch of the Volunteers
Official languagesChinese, English 
Spoken languagesCantonese, English
DemonymHong Konger
GovernmentQuasi-presidential autonomous region with limited suffrage
Chief ExecutiveDonald Tsang
Chief JusticeGeoffrey Ma
President of the
Legislative Council
Jasper Tsang
LegislatureLegislative Council
Treaty of Nanking29 August 1842
Japanese occupation25 December 1941
15 August 1945
Handover to China1 July 1997
Total Area426 sq mi (1103.3 km2) (179th)
Water %4.58 (50 km2; 19 mi2)
Population census7061200 (2010)
Density (pop.)6398.3/km2 (4th) (16576/sq mi)
GDP PPP$326 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$45,736
GDP (nominal)$225 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$31,590
Other information
Gini43.4 (2007)
HDI(+) 0.862 (2010) (very high) (21st)
CurrencyHong Kong dollar (HKD)
Time zoneHKT (UTC+8)
Date formatsyyyy年m月d日 (Chinese)
dd-mm-yyyy (English)
Drives on theleft
Internet and .香港
Calling code+852

Hong Kong

PicHong Kong in Chinese 2.svg
LFragrant harbour
AltnameHong Kong Special Administrative Region
T2香港特別行政區 (or 香港特區)
S2香港特别行政区 (or 香港特区)
J2Hoeng1gong2 Dak6bit6 Hang4zing3 Keoi1
P2Xiānggǎng Tèbié Xíngzhèngqū
Wuu2shiankaon dehbih ghantsenchiu
Poj2Hiong-kang Te̍k-pia̍t Hêng-chèng-khu
H2Hiông-kóng Thi̍t-phe̍t Hàng-tsṳn-khî

     Home | Country | Hong Kong

Hong Kong ( ) is one of two special administrative regions (SARs) of the People's Republic of China (PRC), the other being Macau. A city-state situated on China's south coast and enclosed by the Pearl River Delta and South China Sea, it is renowned for its expansive skyline and deep natural harbour. With a land mass of 1104 km2 (426.3 sqmi) and a population of seven million people, Hong Kong is one of the most densely populated areas in the world. Hong Kong's population is 95 percent ethnic Chinese and 5 percent from other groups. Hong Kong's Han Chinese majority originate mainly from the cities of Guangzhou and Taishan in the neighbouring Guangdong province.

Hong Kong became a colony of the British Empire after the First Opium War (1839 42). Originally confined to Hong Kong Island, the colony's boundaries were extended in stages to the Kowloon Peninsula in 1860 and then the New Territories in 1898. It was occupied by Japan during the Pacific War, after which the British resumed control until 1997, when China resumed sovereignty. The region espoused minimum government intervention under the ethos of positive non-interventionism during the colonial era. The time period greatly influenced the current culture of Hong Kong, often described as "East meets West", and the educational system, which used to loosely follow the system in England until reforms implemented in 2009.

Under the principle of "one country, two systems", Hong Kong has a different political system from mainland China. Hong Kong's independent judiciary functions under the common law framework. The Basic Law of Hong Kong, its constitutional document, which stipulates that Hong Kong shall have a "high degree of autonomy" in all matters except foreign relations and military defence, governs its political system. Although it has a burgeoning multi-party system, a small-circle electorate controls half of its legislature. An 800-person Election Committee selects the Chief Executive of Hong Kong, the head of government.

As one of the world's leading international financial centres, Hong Kong has a major capitalist service economy characterised by low taxation and free trade, and the currency, Hong Kong dollar, is the eighth most traded currency in the world. The lack of space caused demand for denser constructions, which developed the city to a centre for modern architecture and the world's most vertical city. The dense space also led to a highly developed transportation network with public transport travelling rate exceeding 90 percent, the highest in the world. Hong Kong has numerous high international rankings in various aspects. For instance, its economic freedom, financial and economic competitiveness, quality of life, corruption perception, Human Development Index, etc., are all ranked highly.

Hong Kong Video

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Hong Kong assets have 'peaked': analyst - MarketWatch Tweet this news
MarketWatch---HONG KONG- (MarketWatch) -Hong Kong- stocks and property prices among the first to recover from the financial crisis could be among the worst performers as global tightening gathers pace, according to analysts who ... - Date : Sun, 24 Apr 2011 04:07:05 GMT+00:00
Aussie influence in Hong Kong - Tweet this news mare Melito was expected to travel to -Hong Kong- for the third leg of the rich Asian Mile Challenge series until trainer Gerald Ryan aborted plans because of quarantine procedures. Trainer John Size will be double handed with Si - Date : Sun, 24 Apr 2011 06:56:57 GMT+00:00
Agribank, Cnooc, Henderson Land: Hong Kong Stocks Preview - Bloomberg Tweet this news
Bloomberg--The following companies may have significant price changes in -Hong Kong- trading. Stock symbols are in parentheses. Share prices are as of the last close. -Hong Kong's- stock market is closed April 25. ... - Date : Sun, 24 Apr 2011 06:17:08 GMT+00:00
Hong Kong rail operator apologises over media threat - AFP Tweet this news
AFP---HONG KONG- -Hong Kong's- government-owned rail operator has made a public apology after its media consultant threatened local papers with pulling out advertisments if they ran negative reports. The Mass Transit Rail Corporation said it &q - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 05:45:00 GMT+00:00
Hong Kong football star jumps to death: reports - AFP Tweet this news
AFP---HONG KONG- One of -Hong Kong's- best known football stars jumped to his death after an argument with his wife, reports said, as tributes poured in from the city's soccer community. Cheung Sai-ho, 35, was named the city's most valuab - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 05:15:00 GMT+00:00
SOCCER: SUICIDE OF FASTEST GOAL RECORD HOLDER IN HONG KONG - Agenzia Giornalistica Italia Tweet this news
Agenzia Giornalistica Italia--(AGI) -Hong Kong- - The former record-holder for the fastest goal of all time has committed suicide in -Hong Kong-. Cheung Sai-ho, a 35 year old midfielder and one of -Hong Kong's- most famous footballers, threw himself - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 10:49:28 GMT+00:00
Asian Five Nations: Hong Kong Beats Kazakhstan in Almaty as Sri Lanka Draws ... - Tweet this news Almaty, -Hong Kong- came away with a superb 23-10 victory over Kazakhstan who was reduced to 13 men midway through the second half after red cards were handed to two forwards for foul play. First-half tries to skipper Tom McColl and - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 16:20:37 GMT+00:00
Weiwei supporters take to the streets of Hong Kong - BBC News Tweet this news
BBC News--Up to 2000 people have staged a protest in -Hong Kong- to campaign for the release of detained mainland Chinese artist Ai Weiwei, who was arrested in Beijing earlier this month as he was about to board a flight to -Hong Kong-. ... - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 20:26:44 GMT+00:00
Classic Hong Kong ghost film remade 24 years later with new cast, computer effects - The Canadian Press Tweet this news
The Canadian Press---HONG KONG- When "A Chinese Ghost Story" hit movie screens in 1987, it wowed audiences with its novel plot of man falls for female demon in an ancient Chinese setting. The unlikely couple played by late -Hong Kong- - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 17:00:00 GMT+00:00
Japan tipped to win the five-nations - Sunday Tweet this news
Sunday the same day Kazakhstan hosted -Hong Kong- outfit in Almaty. Last year Asian champions Japan won all 4 games they were involved in securing 326 points in total. The battle between Kazakhstan, -Hong Kong- and Arabian Gulf was at high qu - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 22:22:29 GMT+00:00

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HistoryPrehistoric * Imperial * Colonial * Japanese occupation * 1950s * 1960s * 1970s * 1980s * 1990s * 2000s
GeographyClimate * Ecology * Country parks and conservation * Marine Parks * Public parks and gardens * Harbours * Channels * Beaches * Rivers * Reservoirs * Lakes * Bays * Islands and peninsulas * Mountains and peaks * Administrative divisions * Cities and towns * Areas * Villages * Buildings and structures
CultureDemographics * Languages * Religion * Cinema * Television * Shopping * Cuisine * Music * Cantopop * Media * Opera * Museums * Sport (Hong Kong Sevens) * Manhua * Public holidays * Celebrities
PoliticsBasic Law * Sino-British Joint Declaration * One country, two systems * Political parties * Elections * Foreign relations * Judiciary * Legal system * Military * Legislative Council * Districts * District Council * Government * Departments and agencies
Public servicesEducation * Food and Health Bureau * Healthcare * Police * Fire services * Other departments and agencies
EconomyBanks * Companies * Hong Kong dollar * Stock Exchange * The Hongs * Port * Employment
TourismLandmarks and tourist attractions * Disneyland * Ocean Park
TransportAirlines * Airport * Ferries * Rail * Taxis * Buses (Public light buses) * Major roads
Other topicsCommunications * Architecture * Honours system * Representative football team * Representative rugby team * International rankings

Pearl River Delta Region

Guangdong ProvinceGuangzhou * Shenzhen * Zhuhai (Hengqin New Area) * Dongguan * Zhongshan * Foshan * Jiangmen * Huizhou (Huicheng * Huidong * Boluo) * Zhaoqing (Sihui * Gaoyao)
Special Administrative RegionHK * MO

Province-level divisions of the People's Republic of China

ProvincesAnhui * Fujian * Gansu * Guangdong * Guizhou * Hainan * Hebei * Heilongjiang * Henan * Hubei * Hunan * Jiangsu * Jiangxi * Jilin * Liaoning * Qinghai * Shaanxi * Shandong * Shanxi * Sichuan * Taiwan* * Yunnan * Zhejiang |
*The People's Republic of China claims Taiwan as one of its provinces, but does not control any of this territory, which is controlled by the Republic of China
Autonomous regionsGuangxi * Inner Mongolia * Ningxia * Tibet * Xinjiang |
MunicipalitiesBeijing * Chongqing * Shanghai * Tianjin |
Special Administrative
Hong Kong * Macau |
Territorial disputesParacel Islands * Pratas Islands * Senkaku Islands * Spratly Islands * South Tibet * Taiwan, Kinmen & Matsu Islands (see Legal status of Taiwan) |

Countries and territories of East Asia

People's Republic of China (SAR: Hong Kong * Macau) * Japan * Mongolia * South Korea * North Korea * Republic of China (Taiwan) Sometimes included: Vietnam * Russian Far East

Member states of the Four Asian Tigers

Hong Kong * South Korea * Singapore * TW

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)

Australia * Brunei Darussalam * Canada * Chile * People's Republic of China * Hong Kong * Indonesia * Japan * South Korea * Malaysia * Mexico * New Zealand * Papua New Guinea * Peru * Philippines * Russian Federation * Singapore * Chinese Taipei * * Thailand * United States * Vietnam *Designation of the Republic of China (Taiwan)
Meetings1989 * 1990 * 1991 * 1992 * 1993 * 1994 * 1995 * 1996 * 1997 * 1998 * 1999 * 2000 * 2001 * 2002 * 2003 * 2004 * 2005 * 2006 * 2007 * 2008 * 2009 * 2010 * 2011 * 2012 * 2013

Metropolitan cities of the People's Republic of China

MunicipalitiesBeijing * Chongqing * Shanghai * Tianjin
SARsHong Kong * Macau
Sub-provincial citiesChangchun * Chengdu * Dalian * Guangzhou * Hangzhou * Jinan * Harbin * Nanjing * Ningbo * Qingdao * Shenyang * Shenzhen * Wuhan * Xi'an * Xiamen
Provincial capitals (not included above)Changsha * Fuzhou * Guiyang * Haikou * Hefei * Kunming * Lanzhou * Nanchang * Shijiazhuang * Taiyuan * Xining * Zhengzhou
Autonomous regional capitalsHohhot * Lhasa * Nanning * Ürümqi * Yinchuan
SEZ cities (not included above)Beihai * Lianyungang * Nantong * Qinhuangdao * Shantou * Wenzhou * Yantai * Zhanjiang * Zhuhai

Most populous metropolises in the People's Republic of China

Shanghai * Beijing * Guangzhou * Shenzhen * Tianjin * Chongqing * Hong Kong * Dongguan * Nanjing * Wuhan * Hangzhou * Shenyang * Harbin * Chengdu * Hefei * Zhengzhou * Jinan * Qingdao * Xi'an * Dalian * Taiyuan * Shantou * Kunming * Zibo |

World's fifty most-populous urban areas

  1. Tokyo Yokohama
  2. Jakarta
  3. Mumbai
  4. Delhi
  5. Manila
  6. New York
  7. São Paulo
  8. Seoul Incheon
  9. Mexico City
  10. Shanghai
  1. Cairo
  2. Osaka Kobe Kyoto
  3. Kolkata
  4. Los Angeles
  5. Shenzhen
  6. Beijing
  7. Moscow
  8. Guangzhou
  9. Istanbul
  10. Karachi
  1. Buenos Aires
  2. Rio de Janeiro
  3. Dongguan
  4. Paris
  5. Dhaka
  6. Nagoya
  7. Lagos
  8. Chicago
  9. London
  10. Kinshasa
  11. |col4width=20%
  1. Bangkok
  2. Tehran
  3. Lima
  4. Bogotá
  5. Ho Chi Minh City
  6. Chennai
  7. Johannesburg East Rand
  8. Ruhr Area
    (Essen - Düsseldorf)
  9. Bangalore
  10. Lahore
  1. Hong Kong
  2. Hyderabad
  3. Tianjin
  4. Taipei
  5. Toronto Hamilton
  6. Baghdad
  7. Kuala Lumpur
  8. Santiago
  9. Dallas Fort Worth
  10. San Francisco San Jose

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