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Hunan

Hunan
ChineseName湖南省
PinyinHúnán Shěng
EnglishNameHunan Province
NameHunan
Abbreviation
AbbrevPinyinXiāng
ISOAbbrev43
MapSize275px
OriginOfName湖 hú - lake
南 nán - south
"south of Lake Dongting"
AdministrationTypeProvince
CapitalChangsha
LargestCityChangsha
SecretaryZhou Qiang
GovernorXu Shousheng
Area Km2211800
AreaRank10th
Latitude24° 38' to 30° 08' N
Longitude108° 47' to 114° 16' E
PopYear2010
Pop65,683,722
PopRank7th
PopDensity Km2316
PopDensityRank13th
GDPYear2010
GDP1.59 trillion ($US235 billion)
GDPRank10th
GDPperCapita20,226
GDPperCapitaRank20th
HDIYear2008
HDI0.781
HDIRank19th
HDICatmedium
NationalitiesHan - 90%
Tujia - 4%
Miao - 3%
Dong - 1%
Yao - 1%
DialectsXiang Chinese
Prefectures14
Counties122
Townships2576
Websitehttp://www.enghunan.gov.cn/ (English)

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( ) is a province of South-Central China, located to the south of the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and south of Lake Dongting (hence the name Hunan, meaning "south of the lake"). Hunan is sometimes called and officially abbreviated as "湘" (pinyin: Xiāng) for short, after the Xiang River which runs through the province.

Hunan borders Hubei in the north, Jiangxi to the east, Guangdong to the south, Guangxi to the southwest, Guizhou to the west, and Chongqing to the northwest. The capital is Changsha.


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