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Gansu

Gansu
ChineseName甘肃省
PinyinGānsù Shěng
EnglishNameGansu Province
NameGansu
Abbreviation甘 or 陇/隴
AbbrevPinyinGān or Lǒng
ISOAbbrev62
MapSize275px
OriginOfName甘 gān - Ganzhou District, Zhangye
肃 sù - Suzhou District, Jiuquan
AdministrationTypeProvince
CapitalLanzhou
LargestCityLanzhou
SecretaryLu Hao
GovernorLiu Weiping (acting)
Area Km2454000
AreaRank7th
Latitude32° 36' to 42° 48' N
Longitude092° 46' to 108° 43' E
PopYear2010
Pop25,575,254
PopRank22nd
PopDensity Km273
PopDensityRank27th
GDPYear2010
GDP411.9 billion (US$60.8 billion)
GDPRank27th
GDPperCapita12,836
GDPperCapitaRank30th
HDIYear2008
HDI0.705
HDIRank29th
HDICatmedium
NationalitiesHan - 91%
Hui - 5%
Dongxiang - 2%
Tibetan - 2%
Prefectures14
Counties86
Townships1344
Websitehttp://www.gansu.gov.cn
(Simplified Chinese)

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() is a province located in the northwest of the People's Republic of China.

It lies between the Tibetan and Huangtu plateaus, and borders Mongolia, Inner Mongolia, and Ningxia to the north, Xinjiang and Qinghai to the west, Sichuan to the south, and Shaanxi to the east. The Yellow River passes through the southern part of the province.

Gansu has a population of 26 million (2009) and has a large concentration of Hui Chinese, and the historical home, along with Shaanxi of the dialect of the Dungans, who are Hui who migrated to Central Asia. The southwestern corner of Gansu is home to a large Tibetan population. The capital is Lanzhou, located in the southeast part of the province. Gansu is abbreviated as "甘" (Gān) or "陇" (Lǒng), and is also known as Long West or Long Right, in reference to the Long Mountain east of Gansu.


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