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Guangxi

Guangxi
ChineseName广西壮族自治区
PinyinGuǎngxī Zhuàngzú Zìzhìqū
EnglishNameGuangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
LocalNameGvangjsih Bouxcuengh Swcigih
LocalLanguage1Zhuang
LocalLanguage2Zhuang
DesignatedMinorityZhuang
Abbreviation
AbbrevPinyinGuì, Zhuang: Gvei
ISOAbbrev45
NameGuangxi
MapSize275px
OriginOfNameAbbreviated from "Guangnan Xi Lu" (A "lu" was equal to a province or a state in the Song Dynasty)
广=wide
西=west
literally, "The Western Expanse" (Guangdong being East)
AdministrationTypeAutonomous region
CapitalNanning
LargestCityNanning
SecretaryGuo Shengkun
GovernorMa Biao (马飚)
Area Km2236700
AreaRank9th
Latitude20° 54' to 26° 23' N
Longitude104° 29' to 112° 03' E
PopYear2010
Pop46,026,629
PopRank11th
PopDensity Km2207
PopDensityRank20th
GDPYear2010
GDP950.2 billion (US$140.3 billion)
GDPRank18th
GDPperCapita15,821
GDPperCapitaRank27th
HDIYear2008
HDI0.776
HDIRank20th
HDICatmedium
NationalitiesGuangxi people: Han - 62%
Zhuang - 32%
Yao - 3%
Miao - 1%
Dong - 0.7%
Gelao - 0.4%
Prefectures14
Counties109
Townships1396
Websitehttp://www.gxzf.gov.cn
(Simplified Chinese)
DialectsSouthwestern Mandarin, Cantonese, Pinghua, Zhuang

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Guangxi, formerly romanized Kwangsi, is a province of southern China along its border with Vietnam. In 1958, it became the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China, a region with special privileges created specifically for the Zhuang people.

Guangxi's location, in mountainous terrain in the far south of China, has placed it on the frontier of Chinese civilization throughout much of China's history. The current name "Guang" means "expanse" and has been associated with the region since the creation of Guang Prefecture in AD 226. It was given provincial level status during the Yuan Dynasty, but even into the 20th century it was considered an open, wild territory.

The abbreviation of the province is "桂" (Pinyin: Gui; Zhuang: Gvei), which comes from the city of Guilin, the former capital, center of much of Guangxi's culture, politics, and history, and currently a major city in the autonomous region.


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