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Ningxia

Ningxia
ChineseName宁夏回族自治区
PinyinNíngxià Huízú Zìzhìqū
EnglishNameNingxia Hui Autonomous Region
LocalNameنٍ شيَا خُوِ ذُوْ ذِ جِ ثُوْ
LocalLanguage1Chinese Xiao'erjing
DesignatedMinorityHui
Abbreviation宁/寧
AbbrevPinyinNíng
ISOAbbrev64
NameNingxia
MapSize275px
OriginOfName宁 níng-tranquil
夏 xià-Western Xia
"Tranquil Xia"
AdministrationTypeAutonomous region
CapitalYinchuan
LargestCityYinchuan
SecretaryChen Jianguo
GovernorWang Zhengwei
Area Km266000
AreaRank27th
Latitude35° 14' to 39° 23' N
Longitude104° 18' to 107° 39' E
PopYear2010
Pop6,301,350
PopRank29th
PopDensity Km289.1
PopDensityRank25th
GDPYear2010
GDP164.3 billion (US$24.3 billion)
GDPRank29th
GDPperCapita21,470|GDPperCapitaRank=18th
HDIYear2008
HDI0.766
HDIRank23rd
HDICatmedium
NationalitiesHan: 62%
Hui: 34%
Manchu: 0.4%
Prefectures5
Counties21
Townships219
Websitehttp://www.nx.gov.cn/

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Ningxia, formerly transliterated as Ningsia, is an autonomous region (Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region) of the People's Republic of China. It is located in Northwest China, on the Loess Plateau, and the Yellow River flows through a vast area of its land. The Great Wall of China runs along its northeastern boundary. The region is the home of the Hui people, one of the 56 officially recognised Nationalities of China, and its capital is Yinchuan.

Ningxia is bounded by Shaanxi (to the east) and Gansu (in all directions but the north) provinces and Inner Mongolia (to the north) Autonomous Region and has an area of around . Formerly a province, Ningxia was incorporated into Gansu in 1954 but was detached and reconstituted as an autonomous region for the Hui people in 1958. The region is mostly desert and thus sparsely settled, but the vast plain of the Yellow River in the north has been irrigated for centuries; over the years an extensive system of canals has been built. Extensive land reclamation and irrigation projects has made increased cultivation possible.


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