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Hubei

Hubei
ChineseName湖北省
PinyinHúběi Shěng
EnglishNameHubei Province
NameHubei
Abbreviation
AbbrevPinyinÈ
ISOAbbrev42
MapSize275px
OriginOfName湖 hú - lake
北 běi - north
"north of Lake Dongting"
AdministrationTypeProvince
CapitalWuhan
LargestCityWuhan
SecretaryLuo Qingquan
GovernorLi Hongzhong
Area Km2185900
AreaRank14th
Latitude29° 05' to 33° 20' N
Longitude108° 21' to 116° 07' E
PopYear2010
Pop57,237,740
PopRank9th
PopDensity Km2324
PopDensityRank12th
GDPYear2010
GDP1.58 trillion (US$233.4 billion)
GDPRank11th
GDPperCapita21,566
GDPperCapitaRank16th
HDIYear2008
HDI0.784
HDIRank16th
HDICatmedium
NationalitiesHan - 95.6%
Tujia - 3.7%
Miao - 0.4%
Prefectures13
Counties102
Townships1235
Websitehttp://www.hubei.gov.cn
(Simplified Chinese)

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( ; Postal map spelling:

Hupeh) is a province in Central China. The name of the province means "north of the lake", referring to its position north of Lake Dongting. The provincial capital is Wuhan.

Hubei is officially abbreviated to "鄂" (È), an ancient name associated with the eastern part of the province since the Qin dynasty, while a popular name for Hubei is "楚" (Chǔ), after the powerful state of Chu that existed here during the Eastern Zhou dynasty. It borders Henan to the north, Anhui to the east, Jiangxi to the southeast, Hunan to the south, Chongqing to the west, and Shaanxi to the northwest. The high-profile Three Gorges Dam is located at Yichang, in the west of the province.


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