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Chongqing

Chongqing
Administration
Full nameChongqing
Official nameMunicipality of Chongqing • 重庆市
Native name 
Settlement typeMunicipality
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Settledca. 316 BCE
Government
TypeMunicipality
CPC Ctte SecretaryBo Xilai
MayorHuang Qifan
Geography
Total Area31806.8 sq mi (82401 km2)
Elevation777.6 ft (237 m)
Demography
Total Population28846170 (2010)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)
DemonymChongqinger
Other information
Time zoneChina standard time (UTC+8)
Postal code4000 00 - 4099 00
Area code23
GDP2010
- TotalCNY 789.4 billion
(US$ 122.5 billion) (23rd)
- Per capitaCNY 22,909
(US$ 3554) (13th)
HDI (2008)0.783 (18th) - medium
Licence plate prefixes渝 A, B, C, F, G, H
ISO 3166-2CN-50
City flowerCamellia
City treeFicus lacor

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Chongqing ( ; Chinese Postal Map Romanisation: Chungking) is a major city in Southwest China and one of the five national central cities of the People's Republic of China. Administratively, it is one of the PRC's four direct-controlled municipalities (the other three are Beijing, Shanghai and Tianjin), and the only such municipality in inland China.

The municipality was created on 14 March 1997, succeeding the sub-provincial city administration that was part of Sichuan Province. As of November 2010, the municipality had a population of 28,846,200. It has jurisdiction over 19 districts, 17 counties, and four autonomous counties. With an area of 82,401 km2 (31,800 mi2), it is the largest direct-controlled municipality, larger even than one province and an autonomous region, as well as Taiwan. It is possibly the world's largest municipality by population and one of the largest by area.

The municipal abbreviation, (Yú), was approved by the State Council on 18 April 1997. Chongqing was also a municipality of the Republic of China administration, serving as its wartime capital during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937 1945). Its abbreviated name is derived from the old name of a part of the Jialing River that runs through Chongqing and feeds the Yangtze River.

Chongqing is one of the most notable cities for history and culture in China (历史文化名城), and serves as the economic centre of the Upstream Yangtze area. It is the major manufacturing centre and a transportation hub for Southwest China.


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