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Jiangxi

Jiangxi
ChineseName江西省
PinyinJiāngxī(Mandarin)
Gong1si1(Gan)
EnglishNameJiangxi Province
NameJiangxi
Abbreviation 
AbbrevPinyinGàn
Kōm (Gan)
ISOAbbrev36
MapSize275px
OriginOfNameContraction of:
江南西; Jiāngnán Xī
"The western Jiangnan"
AdministrationTypeProvince
CapitalNanchang
LargestCityNanchang
SecretarySu Rong
GovernorWu Xinxiong
Area Km2166900
AreaRank18th
Latitude24° 29' to 30° 05' N
Longitude113° 34' to 118° 29' E
PopYear2010
Pop44,567,475
PopRank13th
PopDensity Km2264
PopDensityRank16th
GDPYear2010
GDP943.5 billion (US$139.3 billion)
GDPRank20th
GDPperCapita17,248
GDPperCapitaRank25th
HDIYear2008
HDI0.760
HDIRank25th
HDICatmedium
NationalitiesHan 99.7%
She 0.2%
DialectsGan, Mandarin
Prefectures11
Counties99
Townships1549
Websitehttp://www.jiangxi.gov.cn/
 

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( ; Postal map spelling: Kiangsi, Gan: Gong-si) is a southern province in the People's Republic of China. Spanning from the banks of the Yangtze River in the north into hillier areas in the south, it shares a border with Anhui to the north, Zhejiang to the northeast, Fujian to the east, Guangdong to the south, Hunan to the west, and Hubei to the northwest.

The name "Jiangxi" derives from the circuit administrated under the Tang Dynasty in 733, Jiangnanxidao (江南西道, Circuit of Western Jiangnan; Gan: Kongnomsitau). The short name for Jiangxi is 赣 ( ; Gan: Gōm), for the Gan River which runs across from the south to the north and flows into the Yangtze River. Jiangxi is also alternately called "Gompotaiti" (贛鄱大地) which literally means the "Great Land of Gan and Po".


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