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General information
Common nameMacau
Local name中華人民共和國澳門特別行政區
Região Administrativa Especial de Macau da República Popular da China
Região Administrativa Especial de Macau da República Popular da China
AnthemMarch of the Volunteers
Marcha dos Voluntários
Official languagesChinese, Portuguese
Spoken languagesCantonese, Portuguese, Macanese (Patuá)
Chief ExecutiveFernando Chui Sai On
President of the
Court of Final Appeal
Sam Hou Fai
President of the
Legislative Assembly
Lau Cheok Va
LegislatureLegislative Assembly
Portugal-administered trading post1557
Portuguese colony1 December 1887
Transfer of sovereignty to the PRC
20 December 1999
Total Area11.39 sq mi (29.5 km2) (224th)
Water %0
Population Est.544600 (165th)
Population census435235 (2001)
Density (pop.)18563.5/km2 (1st) (48092/sq mi)
GDP PPPUS$31.271 billion (2008) (99th)
GDP (PPP) per capitaUS$59,451 (2nd)
GDP (nominal)US$21.700 billion (2009) (94th)
GDP (nominal) per capitaUS$39,800 (18th)
Other information
HDI0.944 (2004) (very high) (25th)
CurrencyMacanese pataca (MOP$) (MOP)
Time zoneMST (UTC+8)
- Summer (DST)not observed (UTC)
Drives on theleft
Calling code+853

     Home | City | Macau

Macau ( ), also spelled Macao (c-eniconməˈkaʊ), is, along with Hong Kong, one of the two special administrative regions of the People's Republic of China. It lies on the western side of the Pearl River Delta, bordering Guangdong province to the north and facing the South China Sea to the east and south.

The territory's economy is heavily dependent on gambling and tourism but also includes manufacturing.

Macau was a Portuguese colony and both the first and last European colony in China. Portuguese traders first settled in Macau in the 16th century and subsequently administered the region until the handover on 20 December 1999. The Sino-Portuguese Joint Declaration and the Basic Law of Macau stipulate that Macau operates with a high degree of autonomy until at least 2049, fifty years after the transfer.

Under the policy of "one country, two systems", the PRC's Central People's Government is responsible for the territory's defense and foreign affairs, while Macau maintains its own legal system, police force, monetary system, customs policy, and immigration policy. Macau participates in many international organizations and events that do not require members to possess national sovereignty.

According to The World Factbook, Macau has the second highest life expectancy in the world.

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