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Sichuan

Sichuan
ChineseName四川省
PinyinSìchuān Shěng
EnglishNameSichuan Province
NameSzechuan
LocalTranscription1Sichuanese: Si4cuan1 Sen3
Abbreviation川 or 蜀
AbbrevPinyinChuān or Shǔ
Sichuanese: Cuan1 or Su2
ISOAbbrev51
MapSize275px
OriginOfNameShort for 川峡四路 chuānxiá sìlù
literally "The Four Circuits
of the Rivers and Gorges",
referring to the four circuits during the Song Dynasty
AdministrationTypeProvince
CapitalChengdu
LargestCityChengdu
SecretaryLiu Qibao
GovernorJiang Jufeng
Area Km2485000
AreaRank5th
Latitude25° 58' to 34° 19' N
Longitude97° 21' to 108° 32' E
PopYear2010
Pop80,418,200
PopRank4th
PopDensity Km2180
PopDensityRank22nd
GDPYear2010
GDP1.69 trillion ($US249 billion)
GDPRank9th
GDPperCapita17,339
GDPperCapitaRank24th
HDIYear2008
HDI0.763
HDIRank24th
HDICatmedium
NationalitiesHan - 95%
Yi - 2.6%
Tibetan - 1.5%
Qiang - 0.4%
Prefectures21
Counties181
Townships5011
Websitehttp://www.sichuan.gov.cn/
(Simplified Chinese)

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( ), known formerly in the West by its postal map spellings of Szechwan or Szechuan is a province in Southwest China with its capital in Chengdu. The current name of the province, "四川", is an abbreviation of "四川路" (Sì Chuānlù), or "Four circuits of rivers", which is itself abbreviated from "川峡四路" (Chuānxiá Sìlù), or "Four circuits of rivers and gorges", named after the division of the existing circuit into four during the Northern Song Dynasty.


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