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Fujian

ChineseName福建省
PinyinFújiàn Shěng
EnglishNameFujian Province
NameFujian
LocalTranscription1Min Nan POJ: Hok-kiàn-séng
Min Dong BUC: Hók-gióng-sēng
Min Bei Guing'ei language: Fū-guīng-sǎin
Hakka Pha̍k-fa-sṳ: Fuk-kien-sén
Abbreviation 
AbbrevPinyinMǐn, POJ: Bân, BUC: Mìng, Hakka Pha̍k-fa-sṳ: Mîn
ISOAbbrev35
MapSize275px
OriginOfName福 fú Fuzhou
建 jiàn Jianzhou (today's Jian'ou)
AdministrationTypeProvince
CapitalFuzhou
LargestCityFuzhou
SecretarySun Chunlan
GovernorHuang Xiaojing
Area Km2121400
AreaRank23rd
PopYear2010
Pop36,894,216
PopRank17th
PopDensity Km2291
PopDensityRank14th
GDPYear2010
GDP1.43 trillion (US$212 billion)
GDPRank12th
GDPperCapita33,051
GDPperCapitaRank10th
HDIYear2008
HDI0.807
HDIRank12th
HDICathigh
NationalitiesHan 98%
She 1%
Hui 0.3%
DialectsMin Chinese
Prefectures9
Counties85
Townships1107
Websitehttp://www.fujian.gov.cn
(Simplified Chinese)

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( ), formerly romanised as Fukien or Foukien, is a province on the southeast coast of China. Fujian is bordered by Zhejiang to the north, Jiangxi to the west, and Guangdong to the south. Taiwan lies to the east, across the Taiwan Strait. The name Fujian came from the combination of Fuzhou and Jianzhou (a former name for Jian'ou) two cities in Fujian, during the Tang Dynasty. With a Han majority, it is one of the most culturally and linguistically diverse provinces in China.

Most of Fujian is administered by the People's Republic of China. However, the archipelagos of Kinmen and Matsu are under the control of the Republic of China (Taiwan). Thus, there are two provinces (in the sense of government organizations; PRC's Fujian and ROC's Fujian).


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