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Liaoning

Liaoning
ChineseName辽宁省
PinyinLiáoníng Shěng
EnglishNameLiaoning Province
NameLiaoning
Abbreviation辽/遼
AbbrevPinyinLiáo
ISOAbbrev21
MapSize275px
OriginOfName辽 liáo - Liaoyang
宁 níng - Ningyuan (now Xingcheng)
AdministrationTypeProvince
CapitalShenyang
LargestCityShenyang
SecretaryWang Min (王珉)
GovernorChen Zhenggao (陈政高)
Area Km2145900
AreaRank21st
Latitude38° 43' to 43° 29' N
Longitude118° 50' to 125° 47' E
PopYear2010
Pop43,746,323
PopRank14th
PopDensity Km2289
PopDensityRank15th
GDPYear2010
GDP1.83 trillion ($US270 billion)
GDPRank7th
GDPperCapita42285
GDPperCapitaRank9th
HDIYear2008
HDI0.835
HDIRank7th
HDICathigh
NationalitiesHan - 84%
Manchu - 13%
Mongol - 2%
Hui - 0.6%
Korean - 0.6%
Xibe - 0.3%
Prefectures14
Counties100
Townships1511
Websitewww.ln.gov.cn
(Simplified Chinese)

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( ) is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the northeast of the country. Its one-character abbreviation is "辽" (pinyin: liáo), a name taken from the Liao River that flows through the province. "Níng" means "peace". The modern province was established in 1907 as Fengtian province (奉天 pinyin: Fèngtiān; Postal map spelling: Fengtien) and the name was changed to Liaoning in 1929. Under the Japanese puppet Manchukuo regime, the province reverted to its 1907 name, but the name Liaoning was restored in 1945.

Liaoning is located in the southern part of the Northeast, and is often called "the Golden Triangle" because of its superior geographical location, with the Yellow Sea (Korea Bay) and the Bohai Sea in the south, North Korea in the southeast, Jilin province to the northeast, Hebei province to the west, and Inner Mongolia to the northwest. The Yalu River marks the border between North Korea and the province. It empties into the Korea Bay between Dandong, Liaoning and Sinŭiju, North Korea.


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