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Jilin

Jilin
ChineseName吉林省
PinyinJílín Shěng
EnglishNameJilin Province
NameJilin
Abbreviation
AbbrevPinyin
ISOAbbrev22
MapSize275px
OriginOfNamefrom girin ula, a Manchu phrase meaning "along the river"
AdministrationTypeProvince
CapitalChangchun
LargestCityChangchun
SecretarySun Zhengcai
GovernorWang Rulin
Area Km2187400
AreaRank13th
Latitude40° 52' to 46° 18' N
Longitude121° 38' to 131° 19' E
PopYear2010
Pop27,462,297
PopRank21st
PopDensity Km2145
PopDensityRank23rd
GDPYear2010
GDP857.7 billion (US$126.7 billion)
GDPRank22st
GDPperCapita26,289
GDPperCapitaRank11th
HDIYear2008
HDI0.815
HDIRank9th
HDICathigh
NationalitiesHan - 91%
Korean - 4%
Manchu - 4%
Mongol - 0.6%
Hui - 0.5%
Prefectures9
Counties60
Townships1006
Websitehttp://www.jl.gov.cn
(Simplified Chinese)

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Jilin ( , -cmntɕǐlǐnIPAzh-Jilin, is a province of the People's Republic of China located in the northeastern part of the country. Jilin borders North Korea and Russia to the east, Heilongjiang to the north, Liaoning to the south, and Inner Mongolia to the west. The name was transliterated to Kirin before standardization to pinyin.

The name "Jilin" probably originates from Girin ula , a Manchu term meaning "along the river"; this was transcribed into Jilin wula (T: 吉林烏拉 / S: 吉林乌拉) in Chinese, then shortened to Jilin. The literal meaning of the Chinese characters for "Jilin" is "auspicious forest".


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