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Shanxi

Shanxi
ChineseName山西省
PinyinShānxī Shěng
EnglishNameShanxi Province
NameShanxi
Abbreviation 
AbbrevPinyinJìn
ISOAbbrev14
MapSize275px
OriginOfName山 shān - mountain
西 xī - west
"west of the Taihang Mountains"
AdministrationTypeProvince
CapitalTaiyuan
LargestCityTaiyuan
SecretaryYuan Chunqing
GovernorWang Jun
Area Km2156800
AreaRank19th
Latitude34° 35' to 40° 44' N
Longitude110° 13' to 114° 33' E
PopYear2010
Pop35,712,111
PopRank18th
PopDensity Km2213
PopDensityRank19th
GDPYear2010
GDP908.8 billion (US$134.2 billion)
GDPRank21st
GDPperCapita21,544
GDPperCapitaRank17th
HDIYear2008
HDI0.800
HDIRank14th
HDICathigh
NationalitiesHan - 99.7%
Hui - 0.2%
Prefectures11
Counties119
Townships1388
Websitewww.shanxigov.cn (Chinese)

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( ; Postal map spelling: Shansi) is a province in Northern China. Its one-character abbreviation is "晋" (pinyin: Jìn), after the state of Jin that existed here during the Spring and Autumn Period.

The name Shanxi literally means "mountain's west", which refers to the province's location west of the Taihang Mountains. Shanxi borders Hebei to the east, Henan to the south, Shaanxi to the west, and Inner Mongolia to the north. The capital of the province is Taiyuan.


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