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Arunachal Pradesh

Administration
Full nameArunachal Pradesh
CountryIndia
Established20 February 1987
Government
CapitalItanagar
GovernorJoginder Jaswant Singh
Chief MinisterJarbom Gamlin (INC)
LegislatureUnicameral (60 seats)
Parliamentary constituency2
High CourtGauhati High Court
Geography
Total Area32324.8 sq mi (83743 km2)
Area rank14th
Demography
Total Population1382611 (26th) (2011)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)
Other information
Time zoneIST (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 codeIN-AR
HDI(+) 0.617 (medium)
HDI rank18th (2005)
Literacy66.95%
Official languagesEnglish

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Arunachal Pradesh (-hnsərʊˈɳaːtɕəl prəˈd̪eːɕpronArunachal is a state of India, located in the far northeast. It borders the states of Assam and Nagaland to the south, and shares international borders with Burma in the east, Bhutan in the west, and the People's Republic of China in the north. The majority of the territory is claimed by the People's Republic of China as part of South Tibet. The northern border of Arunachal Pradesh reflects the McMahon Line, a controversial 1914 treaty between the United Kingdom and a Tibetan government, which was never accepted by the Chinese government, and not enforced by the Indian government until 1950. Itanagar is the capital of the state.

Arunachal Pradesh means "land of the dawn-lit mountains" in Sanskrit. It is also known as "land of the rising sun" ("pradesh" means "state" or "region") in reference to its position as the easternmost state of India. Most of the people native to and/or living in Arunachal Pradesh are of Tibeto-Burman origin. A large and increasing number of migrants have reached Arunachal Pradesh from many other parts of India, although no reliable population count of the migrant population has been conducted, and percentage estimates of total population accordingly vary widely. Part of the famous Ledo Burma Road, which was a lifeline to China during World War II, passes through the eastern part of the state.


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