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Jammu and Kashmir

Administration
Full nameJammu and Kashmir
Native nameجموں اور کشمیر
जम्मू और कश्मीर
 
CountryIndia
Established1947-10-26
Government
Capital* Jammu (winter) * Srinagar (summer)
GovernorNarinder Nath Vohra
Chief MinisterOmar Abdullah (NC)
LegislatureBicameral (89 + 36 seats)
Geography
Total Area85783.1 sq mi (222236 km2)
Area rank6th
Demography
Total Population12548926 (18th) (2011)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)
Other information
Time zoneIST (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 codeIN-JK
HDI(+) 0.601 (medium)
HDI rank17th (2005)
Literacy66.7% (21st)
Official languagesUrdu, Kashmiri, Dogri

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Jammu and Kashmir (Dogri: जम्मू और कश्मीर, Ladakhi: , ) is the northernmost state of India. It is situated mostly in the Himalayan mountains. Jammu and Kashmir shares a border with the states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab to the south and internationally with the People's Republic of China to the north and east and the Pakistan-administered territories of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan, to the west and northwest respectively.

Formerly a part of the erstwhile Princely State of Kashmir and Jammu, which governed the larger historic region of Kashmir, this territory is disputed among China, India and Pakistan. Pakistan, which claims the territory, refers to it as "Indian-occupied Kashmir" (IoK) while most international agencies, such as the United Nations, call it "Indian-administered Kashmir."

Jammu and Kashmir consists of three regions: Jammu, the Kashmir valley and Ladakh. Srinagar is the summer capital, and Jammu is the winter capital. While the Kashmir valley is famous for its beautiful mountainous landscape, Jammu's numerous shrines attract tens of thousands of Hindu pilgrims every year. Ladakh, also known as "Little Tibet", is renowned for its remote mountain beauty and Buddhist culture.


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