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Nagaland

Administration
Full nameNagaland
CountryIndia
Established1 December 1963
Government
CapitalKohima
GovernorNikhil Kumar
Chief MinisterNeiphiu Rio (Nagaland People's Front)
LegislatureUnicameral (60 seats)
Parliamentary constituency1
Geography
Total Area6399.5 sq mi (16579 km2)
Area rank25th
Demography
Total Population1980602 (24th) (2011)
Density (pop.)119/km2 (308.2/sq mi)
Other information
Time zoneIST (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 codeIN-NL
HDI(+) 0.770 (medium)
HDI rank4th (2005)
Literacy63.7% (22nd)
Official languagesEnglish

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Nagaland is a state in the far north-eastern part of India. It borders the state of Assam to the west, Arunachal Pradesh and part of Assam to the north, Burma to the east and Manipur to the south. The state capital is Kohima, and the largest city is Dimapur. The state of Nagaland has an area of 16,579 km2 with a population of 19,80,602 (nineteen lakhs eighty thousand six hundred two) as per the 2011 census making it one of the smallest states of India. The state is mostly mountainous except those areas bordering Assam valley. Mount Saramati is the highest peak in Nagaland with a height of 3,840 metres and its range forms a natural barrier between Nagaland and Burma. It lies between the parallels of 98 degree and 96 degree East Longitude and 26.6 degree and 27.4 degree latitude North of the Equator.

Nagaland, the 16th state of the Indian Union, was established on December 1, 1963. It is divided into eleven districts: Kohima, Phek, Mokokchung, Wokha, Zunheboto, Tuensang, Mon, Dimapur, Kiphire, Longleng and Peren. It is a largely mountainous state. Agriculture is the most important economic activity in Nagaland. Principal crops include rice, corn, millets, pulses, tobacco, oilseeds, sugarcane, potatoes and fibres. Other economy boosters are forestry, cottage industries, insurance, real estate and tourism.


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