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Kerala

Administration
Full nameKerala
Native nameേകരളം
CountryIndia
RegionSouth India
Established1 November 1956
Government
CapitalThiruvananthapuram
GovernorM. O. H. Farook
Chief MinisterOommen Chandy (INC)
LegislatureUnicameral (141  seats)
Parliamentary constituency20
High CourtKerala High Court

     Home | State | Kerala





or Keralam (Malayalam: കേരളം, Kēraḷam) is an Indian state located on the Malabar coast of south-west India. It was created on 1 November 1956 by the States Reorganisation Act, and it combined various Malayalam speaking regions.

The state has an area of 38863 km2 (15005.1 sqmi) and is bordered by Karnataka to the north and northeast, Tamil Nadu to the south and southeast and the Arabian Sea towards the west. Thiruvananthapuram is the capital city. Kochi and Kozhikode are other major cities. As per a survey by The Economic Times, five out of ten best cities to live in India are located in Kerala. Kerala is a popular tourist destination for its backwaters, yoga, Ayurvedic treatments and tropical greenery.

Kerala has the highest Human Development Index in India, comparable with that of first world nations but with a much lower per capita income. The state has the highest literacy rate in India with 94.59 percent. The state recently became and is currently the only one to have banking facility in every village. A survey conducted in 2005 by Transparency International ranked Kerala as the least corrupt state in the country. Kerala has witnessed significant migration of its people, especially to the Persian Gulf countries during the Kerala Gulf boom, and is heavily dependent on remittances from its large Malayali expatriate community.


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