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Himachal Pradesh

Full nameHimachal Pradesh
Native name 
Established25 January 1971
GovernorUrmila Singh
Chief MinisterPrem Kumar Dhumal (BJP)
LegislatureUnicameral (68 seats)
Parliamentary constituency4
High CourtHimachal Pradesh High Court
Total Area21489.8 sq mi (55673 km2)
Area rank17th
Elevation7608.3 ft (2319 m)
Total Population6856509 (21st) (2011)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)
Other information
Time zoneIST (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 codeIN-HP
HDI(+) 0.681 (medium)
HDI rank8th (2005)
Official languagesHindi

Himachal Pradesh

Label2• Avg. Winter
Data27 C (70.2 F)
Label3• Avg. Summer
Data328 C (108 F)
Data41469 mm

     Home | State | Himachal Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश -hnsɦɪmaːtʃəl prəd̪eːʃHimachal is a state in Northern India. It is spread over , and is bordered by the Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir on the north, Punjab on the west and south-west, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh on the south, Uttarakhand on the south-east and by the Tibet Autonomous Region on the east. The literal meaning of Himachal Pradesh is Region of snowy mountains.

Himachal Pradesh is known to be abundant in natural beauty After the Anglo Gorkha War, the British colonial government came into power.In 1950 Himachal was declared as a union territory but after the State of Himachal Pradesh Act 1971, Himachal emerged as the 18th state of the Republic of India. Himachal has many prestigious boarding schools. Hima means snow in Sanskrit. It was named by one of the great Sanskrit scholars of Himachal Pradesh, Acharya Diwakar Datt Sharma.

Himachal Pradesh has one of the highest per capita incomes of any state in India. Due to the abundance of perennial rivers, Himachal also sells hydro electricity to other states such as Delhi, Punjab and Rajasthan. The economy of the state is highly dependent on three sources: hydroelectric power, tourism and agriculture.

Hindus make up 95% of the state population, making it the most Hindu state (proportionally), in India. According to a 2005 Transparency International survey, Himachal Pradesh is ranked the second-least corrupt state in the country after Kerala.

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