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Himachal Pradesh

Full nameHimachal Pradesh
Native name 
Established25 January 1971
GovernorUrmila Singh
Chief MinisterPrem Kumar Dhumal (BJP)
LegislatureUnicameral (68 seats)
Parliamentary constituency4
High CourtHimachal Pradesh High Court
Total Area21489.8 sq mi (55673 km2)
Area rank17th
Elevation7608.3 ft (2319 m)
Total Population6856509 (21st) (2011)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)
Other information
Time zoneIST (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 codeIN-HP
HDI(+) 0.681 (medium)
HDI rank8th (2005)
Official languagesHindi

Himachal Pradesh

Label2• Avg. Winter
Data27 C (70.2 F)
Label3• Avg. Summer
Data328 C (108 F)
Data41469 mm

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Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश -hnsɦɪmaːtʃəl prəd̪eːʃHimachal is a state in Northern India. It is spread over , and is bordered by the Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir on the north, Punjab on the west and south-west, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh on the south, Uttarakhand on the south-east and by the Tibet Autonomous Region on the east. The literal meaning of Himachal Pradesh is Region of snowy mountains.

Himachal Pradesh is known to be abundant in natural beauty After the Anglo Gorkha War, the British colonial government came into power.In 1950 Himachal was declared as a union territory but after the State of Himachal Pradesh Act 1971, Himachal emerged as the 18th state of the Republic of India. Himachal has many prestigious boarding schools. Hima means snow in Sanskrit. It was named by one of the great Sanskrit scholars of Himachal Pradesh, Acharya Diwakar Datt Sharma.

Himachal Pradesh has one of the highest per capita incomes of any state in India. Due to the abundance of perennial rivers, Himachal also sells hydro electricity to other states such as Delhi, Punjab and Rajasthan. The economy of the state is highly dependent on three sources: hydroelectric power, tourism and agriculture.

Hindus make up 95% of the state population, making it the most Hindu state (proportionally), in India. According to a 2005 Transparency International survey, Himachal Pradesh is ranked the second-least corrupt state in the country after Kerala.

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Power Grid Corp faces cost overrun due to delay in NTPC's hydro project - HydroWorld Tweet this news
HydroWorld--"PowerGrid Corporation has so far incurred Rs 110 billion for setting up the transmission network for the Koldam project of NTPC in -Himachal Pradesh-," a Power Ministry official told PTI. It should be noted that, initially t - Date : Wed, 15 Jun 2011 08:28:29 GMT+00:00
Hailstorms may cut apple output by 40% - Economic Times Tweet this news
Economic Times--AHMEDABAD: Apple production in -Himachal Pradesh- is expected to fall by 40% owing to hailstorms and rains in the past few weeks. Agencies procuring apples from the state are accessing the crop loss but say that high-quality apples from Ki - Date : Tue, 14 Jun 2011 23:48:40 GMT+00:00
Moderate rainfall in Himachal Pradesh - Tweet this news"The entire state witnessed mild to moderate rains. The day's temperature is expected to plummet 4-5 degrees," Manmohan Singh, director of the meteorological office here, told IANS. Most prominent tourist destinatio - Date : Wed, 15 Jun 2011 07:54:43 GMT+00:00
Himachal Pradesh gets Rs 22.50 lakh for information kiosks - TravelBizMonitor Tweet this news
TravelBizMonitor--By TBM Staff | Mumbai The Ministry of Tourism, Government of India has sanctioned Rs 22.50 lakh for installation of kiosks in -Himachal Pradesh-. These kiosks are meant for providing instant information to tourists under IT Scheme, state - Date : Wed, 15 Jun 2011 07:38:55 GMT+00:00
1000-MW Karcham Wangtoo hydel project to be operational from August 16 - Economic Times Tweet this news
Economic Times--SHOLTU (-HIMACHAL PRADESH-): Jaiprakash Associates-promoted 1000-MW Karcham Wangtoo hydel power project in -Himachal Pradesh- will be fully operational from August 16, three months ahead of schedule, managing director DP Goyal said. ... - Date : Wed, 08 Jun 2011 02:40:24 GMT+00:00
Himachal Pradesh HC seeks affidavits from Deputy Commissioners on unclaimed ... - Tweet this news (UNI) The -Himachal Pradesh- High Court today directed all Deputy Commissioners to file affidavits within two months regarding the disposal of unclaimed vehicles and other properties, which are idly parked on the roads causing traffi - Date : Wed, 01 Jun 2011 11:59:11 GMT+00:00
High adrenaline adventures in Himachal's rugged trails - Punjab Newsline Tweet this news
Punjab Newsline--SHIMLA: From rock-climbing to trudging lofty mountains in the Himalayas, to white-water rafting and parasailing, the mountainous trails of -Himachal Pradesh- have a lot to offer for tourists. Mountaneering remains an ever-popular ... - Date : Wed, 01 Jun 2011 05:43:28 GMT+00:00
Manali-Leh highway partially reopened - Times of India Tweet this news
Times of India--The strategic national highway that connects this town in -Himachal Pradesh- to Leh in Jammu and Kashmir partially reopened Wednesday after remaining closed for over six months owing to heavy snowfall, an official said. "The traff - Date : Thu, 02 Jun 2011 07:09:00 GMT+00:00
HP plans to finish UID programme by May 2012 - Times of India Tweet this news
Times of India--SHIMLA: Delays in engaging vendors for enrolling resident under biometric unique identification (UID) programme notwithstanding, -Himachal Pradesh- intends to provide this facility to all its residents by May 2012. Work for capturing biome - Date : Fri, 03 Jun 2011 01:25:28 GMT+00:00
Hailstorm damages crops in two districts of Himachal - Tweet this news | 09:05 PM,May 31,2011 Shimla, May 31 (PTI) Several areas in Kullu and Shimla districts of -Himachal Pradesh- were lashed by a severe hailstorm this afternoon, causing extensive damage to crops.The freak weather conditions continued in th - Date : Tue, 31 May 2011 16:14:53 GMT+00:00

Gross State Domestic Product at Current Prices
figures in millions of Indian Rupees
Chief Ministers of Himachal Pradesh :
Year Gross State Domestic Product
1980 7,940
1985 13,720
1990 28,150
1995 66,980
2000 135,900
2005 230,240
2007 254,350

Universities :
Name Type Location
Indian Institute of Technology Mandi Institute of National Importance Mandi City
National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur Institute of National Importance Hamirpur
University Institute of Information Technology Institute of National Importance Shimla
Central University of Himachal Pradesh Central University Dehra Gopipur and Dharamshala
Himachal Pradesh University State University Shimla
Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry State University Nauni
CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalya State University Palampur
Jaypee University of Information Technology State (Private) University Waknaghat, Solan
Eternal University Private University Baru Sahib
Chitkara University Private University Barotiwala
Arni University Private University Indora
Shoolini University of Biotechnology and Management Sciences Private University Solan
Baddi University of Emerging Sciences and Technology Private University Baddi
Sri Sai University Private University Palampur
Indus International University Private University Una
Manav Bharti University Private University Kumarhatti
Bahara University Private University Solan
Institute of Hotel Management Catering & Nutrition Government University Kufri

State Symbols
Universities :
State bird Jujurana
State tree Deodar
State flower Rhododendron

Universities :
Area 55673 km2
Total Population 68,56,509
Males 34,73,892
Females 33,82,617
Population Density 109
Sex Ratio 974
Rural Population 61,67,805
Urban Population 6,88,704
Scheduled Caste Population 1,502,171
Scheduled Tribe Population 244,587
Literacy Rate 83.78%
Male Literacy 90.83%
Female Literacy 76.60%
Districts 12
Sub-Division 52
Tehsils 75
Sub-Tehsils 34
Developmental Block 75
Towns 59
Panchayats 3,243
Panchayat Smities 75
Zila Parishad 12
Urban Local Bodies 53
Nagar Nigam 1
Nagar Parishad 20
Nagar Panchayats 32
Census Villages 20,690
Inhabited Villages 17,495
Health Institutions 3,835
Educational Institutions 17,000
Motorable Roads 30,000 km
National Highways 8
Identified Hydroelectric Potential 20,787 MW in five rivers basins i.e. (Yamuna, Satluj, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Himurja)
Potential harnessed 6353.12MW
Food grain production 16.69 lakh tonnes
Vegetable production 9 lakh tonnes
Fruit Production 6.95 lakh tonnes
Per Capita Income . 36,783 (2006 2007) Expected
Social security Pension 237,250 Persons, Annual Expenditure: Over . 60 Crore
Investment in Industrial Area . 27,380/- crore, Employment Opportunities: Over 337,391
Employment generated in Government Sector 80,000

Himachal Pradesh topics

Major citiesShimla (Capital) * Solan * Mandi * Manali
DistrictsBilaspur * Chamba * Hamirpur * Kangra * Kinnaur * Kullu * Lahul and Spiti * Mandi * Sirmaur * Shimla * Solan * Una
CultureArts and crafts * Languages (Kangri * Kinnauri * Mandiyali * Pahari) * Music * Traditional dances
EconomyAgriculture * Animal husbandry * Industry * Social services * Transport
JurisdictionChief Ministers * Governors * High Court * Government * Vidhan Sabha
GeographyLakes * Rivers * Districts * Climate * Protected areas
HistoryPrehistory and protohistory * Early history * Mughal rule * British rule * Freedom struggle * Kangra-Lambagraon * Punjab Hill States agency * Guge
EducationDr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry * Green Hills Engineering College * Himachal University * IITT college of Engineering * Indian Institute of Advanced Study * Institute of Engineering and Emerging Technologies * National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur * Jaypee University of Information Technology * Chitkara University * Lawrence School * University Institute of Information Technology (UIIT)
PeopleAnuj Sharma * Ruskin Bond * Chander Kumar * Dhani Ram Shandil * Narain Chand Parashar * Pratibha Singh * Prem Kumar Dhumal * Rajendra Krishan * Baba Kanshi Ram * Preity Zinta * more
ImagesPicture gallery * Image gallery at Wikimedia Commons

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