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Punjab, India

Administration
Full namePunjab
Native name 
CountryIndia
Established1966-11-01
Government
CapitalChandigarh
GovernorNish G
Chief MinisterParkash Singh Badal (SAD)
LegislatureUnicameral (117 seats)
Parliamentary constituency13
High CourtPunjab and Haryana High Court
Geography
Total Area19439.7 sq mi (50362 km2)
Area rank19th
Demography
Total Population27704236 (2011)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)
Other information
Time zoneIST (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 codeIN-PB
HDI(+) 0.679 (medium)
HDI rank9th (2005)
Literacy76.68%
Official languagesPunjabi

     Home | State | Punjab (India)



Punjab ( ; )) is a state in the northwest of the Republic of India, forming part of the larger Punjab region. The state is bordered by the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh to the east, Haryana to the south and southeast and Rajasthan to the southwest as well as the Pakistani province of Punjab to the west, it is also bounded to the north by Jammu and Kashmir. The state capital is Chandigarh. Major cities of Punjab includes Mohali, Chandigarh, Ludhiana, Amritsar, Bathinda, Patiala and Jalandhar.

After the partition of India in 1947, the Punjab province of British India was divided between India and Pakistan. The Indian Punjab was divided in 1966 with the formation of the new states of Haryana and Himachal Pradesh as well as the current state of Punjab. Punjab is the only state in India with a majority Sikh population.

Agriculture is the largest industry in Punjab; it is the largest single provider of wheat to India. Other major industries include the manufacturing of scientific instruments, water meter, electrical goods, financial services, machine tools, textiles, sewing machines, sports goods, starch, tourism, fertilizers, bicycles, garments, and the processing of pine oil and sugar. Punjab also has the largest number of Steel Rolling Mill Plants in India which are located in Steel Town Mandi Gobindgarh, District Fatehgarh Sahib.


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