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Punjab, India

Administration
Full namePunjab
Native name 
CountryIndia
Established1966-11-01
Government
CapitalChandigarh
GovernorNish G
Chief MinisterParkash Singh Badal (SAD)
LegislatureUnicameral (117 seats)
Parliamentary constituency13
High CourtPunjab and Haryana High Court
Geography
Total Area19439.7 sq mi (50362 km2)
Area rank19th
Demography
Total Population27704236 (2011)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)
Other information
Time zoneIST (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 codeIN-PB
HDI(+) 0.679 (medium)
HDI rank9th (2005)
Literacy76.68%
Official languagesPunjabi

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Punjab ( ; )) is a state in the northwest of the Republic of India, forming part of the larger Punjab region. The state is bordered by the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh to the east, Haryana to the south and southeast and Rajasthan to the southwest as well as the Pakistani province of Punjab to the west, it is also bounded to the north by Jammu and Kashmir. The state capital is Chandigarh. Major cities of Punjab includes Mohali, Chandigarh, Ludhiana, Amritsar, Bathinda, Patiala and Jalandhar.

After the partition of India in 1947, the Punjab province of British India was divided between India and Pakistan. The Indian Punjab was divided in 1966 with the formation of the new states of Haryana and Himachal Pradesh as well as the current state of Punjab. Punjab is the only state in India with a majority Sikh population.

Agriculture is the largest industry in Punjab; it is the largest single provider of wheat to India. Other major industries include the manufacturing of scientific instruments, water meter, electrical goods, financial services, machine tools, textiles, sewing machines, sports goods, starch, tourism, fertilizers, bicycles, garments, and the processing of pine oil and sugar. Punjab also has the largest number of Steel Rolling Mill Plants in India which are located in Steel Town Mandi Gobindgarh, District Fatehgarh Sahib.

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Immigration racket busted in Punjab, 1200 passports recovered - Economic Times Tweet this news
Economic Times--CHANDIGARH: Two travel and immigration agents have been arrested in the state's Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar (formerly Nawanshehr) district and 1219 passports have been seized from them, a police official said on Tuesday. With three oth - Date : Tue, 21 Jun 2011 06:06:41 GMT+00:00
Akalis legalising land grab in Punjab: Capt - Deccan Chronicle Tweet this news
Deccan Chronicle--Amarinder Singh charged the Akali-BJP government of “deliberately subverting long-established legal processes to forcibly acquire farmers' lands across -Punjab-.” Citing a recent Cabinet decision under which the government propo - Date : Fri, 17 Jun 2011 02:39:34 GMT+00:00
Punjab's fighting first families - India Today Tweet this news
India Today---Punjab's- first families of politics - the Badals of the ruling Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) and Capt. Amarinder Singh of the Congress - have been at each other's throats for quite some time. Personal rivalry between Singh and the Bad - Date : Fri, 17 Jun 2011 06:07:43 GMT+00:00
Pakistan: Court exonerates 70 Muslims for 2009 massacre of Christians - Spero News Tweet this news
Spero News--By Speroforum The Minister for Minorities in the Province of -Punjab-, Kamran Michael - a Christian - had the delegation for finances and on June 10 presented the budget law in the -Punjab- Provincial Parliament. In his opening speech, the min - Date : Sat, 11 Jun 2011 12:54:15 GMT+00:00
Punjab have it easy yet again - Hindustan Times Tweet this news
Hindustan Times--Youngster Satbir Singh struck a hattrick as favourites -Punjab- blanked Uttarakhand 12-0 to register their second successive win in Pool A of the National Hockey Championship here on Saturday. They had beaten Gujarat 25-0 in their opening - Date : Sat, 11 Jun 2011 18:43:55 GMT+00:00
Budgets in Punjab and Sindh - The Express Tribune Tweet this news
The Express Tribune--By Editorial The controversy over whether a Christian member of the provincial assembly would be able to present -Punjab's- provincial budget thankfully passed with good sense finally prevailing. On June 10, a budget with an outl - Date : Sat, 11 Jun 2011 21:29:38 GMT+00:00
Punjab takes the honours - The Hindu Tweet this news
The Hindu--PTI -Punjab- hockey team players celebrate after their win against Mumbai in the Junior National Hockey Championship in Mumbai on Wednesday. Goals from Davinder Kumar and Ramandeep Singh ensured -Punjab- a 2-1 win over Mumbai in the final of th - Date : Wed, 08 Jun 2011 20:49:46 GMT+00:00
Special House session to elect Dy Speaker on June 13 - Indian Express Tweet this news
Indian Express--The -Punjab- Cabinet on Tuesday gave approval to convene a special session of -Punjab- Vidhan Sabha on June 13, 2011 for the election of Deputy Speaker - the post had fallen vacant on the elevation of former Deputy Speaker Satpal Gosian as - Date : Tue, 07 Jun 2011 20:01:17 GMT+00:00
People want rejection of foriegn aid: Shahbaz - DAWN.com Tweet this news
DAWN.com--LAHORE: -Punjab- Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif has said it is the voice of every patriotic Pakistani that foreign aid should not be accepted which may bring dishonour to the country. He was talking to assembly members of various distric - Date : Tue, 07 Jun 2011 18:38:02 GMT+00:00
Punjab cabinet: Six amendment bills approved - The Express Tribune Tweet this news
The Express Tribune--The -Punjab- cabinet has given approval to six amendment bills for agriculture and labour in order to take control of subjects devolved to the provinces under the 18th Amendment to the Constitution. At a meeting chaired by Chief Minis - Date : Tue, 07 Jun 2011 20:54:06 GMT+00:00

Religions in Punjab by adherence
Sikh Alienation, Operation Bluestar and the Khalistan Struggle :
Religion No. of people % of total
Sikhs 14,656,345 60.00%
Hindus 8,997,942 37.00%
Muslims 382,045 1.57 %
Christians 292,800 1.20 %
Buddhists 41,487 0.17 %
Jains 39,276 0.16 %
Others 8,594 0.04 %
Total population 24,358,999 100%

Five rivers of the Punjab

Punjabi Names Jhelum Chenab Ravi Beas Sutlej


Universities in Punjab

State UniversitiesBaba Farid University of Health Sciences * Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University * Guru Nanak Dev University * Punjab Agricultural University * Punjab Technical University * Panjab University * Punjabi University
Central UniversitiesCentral University of Punjab * Indian Institute of Science, Education and Research * Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law * Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology (Deemed University)
Private UniversitiesSri Guru Granth Sahib University * Lovely Professional University * Thapar University (Deemed University) | ----
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