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Full nameRajasthan
Native nameराजस्थान
Established1 November 1956
GovernorDr. Shivraj Patil
Chief MinisterAshok Gehlot (INC)
LegislatureUnicameral (200 seats)
Parliamentary constituency25
High CourtRajasthan High Court
Total Area132115.8 sq mi (342269 km2)
Area rank1st
Total Population68621012 (8th) (2011)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)
Other information
Time zoneIST (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 codeIN-RJ
HDI(+) 0.537 (medium)
HDI rank21st (2005)
Literacy68% (20th)
Official languagesHindi

     Home | State | Rajasthan

Rājasthān ( , , -hnsraːdʒəsˈt̪ʰaːnpronRajasthan the land of Rajasthanis, ("the land of kings" or "the land of colours"), is the largest state of the Republic of India by area. It encompasses most of the area of the large, inhospitable Great Indian Desert (Thar Desert), which has an edge paralleling the Sutlej-Indus river valley along its border with Pakistan. The state is bordered by Pakistan to the west, Gujarat to the southwest, Madhya Pradesh to the southeast, Uttar Pradesh and Haryana to the northeast and Punjab to the north. Rajasthan covers an area of 132,150 sq mi or 342,239 km2. The proportion of the state's total area to the total area of the country is 10.41 per cent.

Jaipur is the capital and the largest city of the state. Geographical features include the Thar Desert along north-western Rajasthan and the termination of the Ghaggar River near the archaeological ruins at Kalibanga of the Indus Valley Civilization, which are the oldest in the Indian subcontinent discovered so far.

One of the world's oldest mountain ranges, the Aravalli Range, cradles the only hill station of Rajasthan, Mount Abu, famous for Dilwara Temples, a sacred pilgrimage for Jains. Eastern Rajasthan has the world famous Keoladeo National Park near Bharatpur, a World Heritage Site known for its bird life. It also has two

national tiger reserves, Ranthambore and Sariska Tiger Reserve, and a famous temple in Khatu, Sikar district, dedicated to Khatu Shyam Ji. Rajasthan was formed on 30 March 1949, when all erstwhile princely states ruled by Rajputs, known as Rajputana, merged into the Dominion of India.

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