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Gujarat

Administration
Full nameGujarat
Native nameગુજરાત
CountryIndia
Established1 May 1960
Government
CapitalGandhinagar
GovernorDr. Kamla Beniwal
Chief MinisterNarendra Modi (BJP)
LegislatureUnicameral (182 seats)
Chief JusticeHon'ble Mr. Justice S. J. Mukhopadhaya
High CourtGujarat High Court
Geography
Total Area75685.7 sq mi (196077 km2)
Area rank7th
Demography
Total Population60383628 (10th) (2011)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)
Other information
Time zoneIST (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 codeIN-GJ
HDI(+) 0.621 (medium)
HDI rank14th (2005)
Literacy69.8% (6th)
Official languagesGujarati, Hindi, English

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Gujarat ( , , , -guɡudʒ(ə)ɾat-Gujarat is a state in western India. It has an area of with a coastline of 1,600 km, most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula, and a population in excess of 60 million. The state is bordered by Rajasthan to the north, Maharashtra to the south, Madhya Pradesh to the east and the Arabian Sea as well as the Pakistani province of Sindh on the west. Its capital is Gandhinagar, while its largest city is Ahmedabad. Gujarat is home to the Gujarati-speaking people of India.

The state encompasses major sites of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, such as Lothal and Dholavira. Lothal is believed to be one of the world's first ports. Gujarat's coastal cities, chiefly Bharuch, served as ports and trading centers in the Maurya and Gupta empires. Mahatma Gandhi, considered India's "father of the nation", was a Gujarati who led the Indian Independence Movement against the British colonial rule.

Gujarat played an important role in the economic history of India throughout the history of India. The state has the fastest growing economy in India. It is also one of the most industrialized states of India, and has a per capita GDP almost twice that of the national average.


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