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Xiamen

Xiamen
Administration
Full nameXiamen
Official name厦门市
Native name厦门
Settlement typeSub-provincial city
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceFujian
Geography
Total Area607.2 sq mi (1573 km2)
Urban Area52.5 sq mi (136 km2)
Demography
Total Population3531347 (2010 Census)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)
Urban (pop.)1861289
Metro (pop.)Xiamen-Zhangzhou Metro area : 5,000,000
Other information
Time zoneChina Standard Time (UTC+8)
Postal code361000
Area code592
GDP2010
- TotalCNY 205.374 billion (USD 23.78 billion)
- Per capitaCNY 64,413 (USD 9,438)
- Growth(+) 15.1%
License plate prefixes闽D
Local dialectMin Nan: Amoy dialect

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Xiamen (-cmnɕjâmə̌n), also known as Amoy (-enəˈmɔɪlang), is a major city on the southeast (Taiwan Strait) coast of the People's Republic of China. It is administered as a sub-provincial city of Fujian province with an area of 1573 km2 (1573000000 m2) and population of 3.53 million. Its built up area is now bigger than the old urban island area and covers now all 6 districts of Xiamen (Huli, Siming, Ximei, Tong'an, Haicang and recently Xiang'an) for 3,531,147 inhabitants. It borders Quanzhou to the north and Zhangzhou making with this city a unique built up area of more than 5 million people. The Jinmen (Kinmen) Islands administered by the Republic of China (Taiwan) are less than 10 km (10000000 m2) away.

Xiamen and the surrounding southern Fujian countryside are the ancestral home to large communities of overseas Chinese in Southeast Asia and Taiwan. The city was a treaty port in the 19th century and one of the four original Special Economic Zones opened to foreign investment and trade when China began economic reforms in the early 1980s. Today, Xiamen is known in China as a prosperous and clean city with a pleasant subtropical seaside climate. It is endowed with educational and cultural institutions supported by the overseas Chinese diaspora. In 2006, Xiamen was ranked as China's second 'most suitable city for living'.


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