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Hangzhou

Hangzhou
Administration
Full nameHangzhou
Official name 
Native name 
Settlement typeSub-provincial city
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceZhejiang
Government
TypeSub-provincial city
CPC Ctte SecretaryHuang Kunming
MayorShao Zhanwei
Geography
Total Area6505 sq mi (16848 km2)
Demography
Total Population8700400 (2010)
Density (pop.)1213.2/km2 (3143/sq mi)
DemonymHangzhouvian
Other information
Time zoneChina standard time (UTC+8)
Postal code310000
GDP (Nominal)2010
- TotalCNY 594.6 billion
(USD 87.8 billion)
- Per capitaCNY 68,398
(USD 10,103)
- Growth(+) 9.7%
Licence plate prefixes A
Regional DialectWu: Hangzhou dialect

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Hangzhou ( ; Hangzhou dialect: ɦaŋ tsei; Mandarin pinyin: Hángzhōu -cmnxɑ̌ŋtʂóʊ-zh-Hangzhou, formerly transliterated as Hangchow, is the capital and largest city of Zhejiang Province in Eastern China. Governed as a sub-provincial city, and as of 2010, its entire administrative division ("shì", 杭州市) or prefecture had a registered population of 8.7 million people. The built up area of the Hangzhou municipality had a resident population of 4.227 million in 2003 (urban and suburban districts), of which there were 1.91 million residents in the six urban core districts.

A core city of the Yangtze River Delta, its position on the Hangzhou Bay 180 km (111.8 mi) southwest of Shanghai gives it economic power, and moreover, it has also been one of the most renowned and prosperous cities of China for much of the last 1,000 years, due in part to its beautiful natural scenery; the city's West Lake is its most well-known attraction.


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