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Full nameNanjing
Official name南京市
Native name南京
Settlement typeSub-provincial city
CountryPeople's Republic of China
County-level divisions13
Township divisions129
Settled495 BC
CPC NanjingYang Weize
Committee Secretary
MayorJi Jianye
Total Area2546.8 sq mi (6598 km2)
Elevation50|postal_code_type=Postal code ft (15.2 m)
Total Population8004680|population_density_km2=1213.2 (2010)
Density (pop.)1213.2/km2 (3142.2/sq mi)
Other information
Time zoneChina Standard Time (UTC+8)
Postal code210000 - 211300
Area code25
Licence plate prefixes苏A
GDP (2010)(nominal)$77.1 billion
GDP per capita(nominal)$9,929
GDP (2010)(PPP)$135.3 billion
GDP per capita(PPP)$17,429

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(, pinyin: Nánjīng, Wade-Giles: Nan-ching) is the capital of Jiangsu province in China and has a prominent place in Chinese history and culture, having been the capital of China on several occasions. Its present name means "Southern Capital" and was widely romanized as Nankin and Nanking until the Pinyin language reform, after which Nanjing was gradually adopted as the standard spelling of the city's name in most languages that use the Roman alphabet.

Located in the lower Yangtze River drainage basin and Yangtze River Delta economic zone, Nanjing has long been one of China's most important cities. It is recognized as one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China. It was the capital of Sun Qian's Wu during the Three Kingdoms Period and the capital of the Republic of China prior to its flight to Taiwan during the Chinese Civil War. Nanjing is also one of the fifteen sub-provincial cities in the People's Republic of China's administrative structure, enjoying jurisdictional and economic autonomy only slightly less than that of a province. Nanjing has long been a national center of education, research, transport networks, and tourism. The city will host the 2014 Summer Youth Olympics.

With an urban population of over five million (2006), Nanjing is the second-largest commercial center in the East China region after Shanghai. It has been ranked seventh in the evaluation of "Cities with Strongest Comprehensive Strength" issued by the National Statistics Bureau, and second in the evaluation of cities with most sustainable development potential in the Yangtze River Delta. It has also been awarded the title of 2008 Habitat Scroll of Honor of China, Special Award of UN Habitat Scroll of Honor and National Civilized City.

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