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Full nameChangsha
Official name长沙市
Native name长沙
Settlement typePrefecture-level city
CountryPeople's Republic of China
County-level divisions8
Township divisions172
MayorZhang Jiangfei
Total Area4562.1 sq mi (11819 km2)
Total Population7044118 (2010 Census)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)
Rank in China19th
Major nationalitiesHan - 99.22%
Minorities - 0.78%
Other information
Time zoneChina Standard Time (UTC+8)
Postal code410000
Area code+86/731
- TotalCNY 374.476 billion (USD 56.24 billion)
- per capitaCNY 56,620 (USD 8,504)
- Growth(+) 14.7%
License Plate湘A
湘O (police and authorities)
ISO 3166-2cn-??
HDI (2005)? (?nd) — high

     Home | City | Changsha

Changsha ( ) is the capital city of Hunan, in south-central China, located on the lower reaches of Xiang river, a branch of the Yangtze River. Its municipality covers an area of 11,819 sq. kilometers and, according to the 2010 Census, a population of 7,044,118 inhabitants.

Changsha was important from the time of the Qin dynasty (221 207 BC). In AD 750 1100 Changsha was an important commercial city, and its population increased greatly. Under the Qing dynasty, from 1664, it was the capital of Hunan province, and it was a major rice market. It was besieged during the Taiping Rebellion but never fell. Changsha was the site of Mao Zedong's conversion to communism. It was the scene of major battles in the Sino-Japanese War of 1937 45 and was briefly occupied by the Japanese. Rebuilt since 1949, the city is now a major port and a commercial and industrial center.

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